Detalle Publicación

Endothelial dysfunction markers predict short-term mortality in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis

Autores: Blaya, D.; Rubio-Tomás, T.; Rodrigo-Torres, D.; Lozano, J.; Coll, M.; Argemí Ballbé, José María; Altamirano, J.; Affo, S.; Morales-Ibanez, O.; Gratacós-Ginès, J.; Pose, E.; Tanguy, M.; Issoufaly, T.; Rautou, P. E.; Bataller, R.; Caballería, J.; Sancho-Bru, P. (Autor de correspondencia)
ISSN: 1936-0533
Volumen: 15
Número: 4
Páginas: 106 - 1017
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Objectives Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is a severe condition characterized by a marked inflammatory response and high short-term mortality. Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is an early event in vascular and inflammatory disorders. The aim of this study is to evaluate ED in AH patients. Methods Prognostic value of ED biomarkers was evaluated in patients with severe AH (n = 67), compensated alcoholic cirrhosis (n = 15), heavy drinkers without liver disease (n = 15) and controls (n = 9), and in a validation cohort of 50 patients with AH. Gene expression of ED markers was analyzed in liver tissue. Results Plasma levels of ED markers such as vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), E-selectin and von Willebrand factor (vWF) increased along alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) progression. Intergroup analysis showed a significant increase of these markers in AH patients. In addition, VCAM-1 showed a positive correlation with Maddrey, MELD and ABIC scores and inflammation parameters (i.e. C-reactive protein and LPS levels). Importantly, levels of VCAM-1 were higher in patients with increased mortality and were independently associated with short-term survival (90-day) when adjusted by ABIC score. These results were confirmed in an independent cohort of AH patients. In addition, severe AH patients showed altered hepatic expression of ED markers. Conclusions In this study we show that advanced ALD and particularly severe AH is associated with an increase of ED biomarkers, which correlate with patient outcomes. These results suggest that ED may be a pathogenic event in AH and highlight endothelial factors as potential biomarkers in AH.