Detalle Publicación

Design and synthesis of novel epigenetic inhibitors targeting histone deacetylases, DNA methyltransferase 1, and lysine methyltransferase G9a with in vivo efficacy in multiple myeloma

ISSN: 0022-2623
Volumen: 64
Número: 6
Páginas: 3392 - 3426
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Concomitant inhibition of key epigenetic pathways involved in silencing tumor suppressor genes has been recognized as a promising strategy for cancer therapy. Herein, we report a first-in-class series of quinoline-based analogues that simultaneously inhibit histone deacetylases (from a low nanomolar range) and DNA methyltransferase-1 (from a mid-nanomolar range, IC50 < 200 nM). Additionally, lysine methyltransferase G9a inhibitory activity is achieved (from a low nanomolar range) by introduction of a key lysine mimic group at the 7-position of the quinoline ring. The corresponding epigenetic functional cellular responses are observed: histone-3 acetylation, DNA hypomethylation, and decreased histone-3 methylation at lysine-9. These chemical probes, multitarget epigenetic inhibitors, were validated against the multiple myeloma cell line MM1.S, demonstrating promising in vitro activity of 12a (CM-444) with GI(50) of 32 nM, an adequate therapeutic window (>1 log unit), and a suitable pharmacokinetic profile. In vivo, 12a achieved significant antitumor efficacy in a xenograft mouse model of human multiple myeloma.