Design of low-density-generator-matrix-based quantum codes for asymmetric quantum channels
Quantum low-density-generator-matrix (QLDGM) codes are known to exhibit great error correction capabilities, surpassing existing quantum low-density-parity-check (QLDPC) codes and other sparse-graph schemes over the depolarizing channel. Most of the research on QLDPC codes and quantum error correction (QEC) is conducted for the symmetric instance of the generic Pauli channel, which incurs bit flips, phase flips, or a combination of both with the same probability. However, due to the behavior of the materials they are built from, some quantum devices must be modelled using a different channel model capable of accurately representing asymmetric scenarios in which the likelihood of a phase flip is higher than that of a bit flip. In this work, we study the design of QLDGM CSS codes for such Pauli channels. We show how codes tailored to the depolarizing channel are not well suited to these asymmetric environments and we derive methods to aptly design QLDGM CSS codes for this paradigm.