Detalle Publicación

Short-term exposure to high atmospheric Vapor Pressure Deficit (VPD) severely impacts durum wheat carbon and nitrogen metabolism in the absence of edaphic water stress

Autores: Fakhet, D. ; Morales, F.; Jauregui, I.; Erice Soreasu, Gorka; Aparicio-Tejo, PM.; Gonzalez-Murua, C.; Aroca, R.; Irigoyen Iparrea, Juan José; Aranjuelo, I. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: PLANTS
ISSN: 2223-7747
Volumen: 10
Número: 1
Páginas: 120
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Low atmospheric relative humidity (RH) accompanied by elevated air temperature and decreased precipitation are environmental challenges that wheat production will face in future decades. These changes to the atmosphere are causing increases in air vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and low soil water availability during certain periods of the wheat-growing season. The main objective of this study was to analyze the physiological, metabolic, and transcriptional response of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) metabolism of wheat (Triticum durum cv. Sula) to increases in VPD and soil water stress conditions, either alone or in combination. Plants were first grown in well-watered conditions and near-ambient temperature and RH in temperature-gradient greenhouses until anthesis, and they were then subjected to two different water regimes well-watered (WW) and water-stressed (WS), i.e., watered at 50% of the control for one week, followed by two VPD levels (low, 1.01/0.36 KPa and high, 2.27/0.62 KPa; day/night) for five additional days. Both VPD and soil water content had an important impact on water status and the plant physiological apparatus. While high VPD and water stress-induced stomatal closure affected photosynthetic rates, in the case of plants watered at 50%, high VPD also caused a direct impairment of the RuBisCO large subunit, RuBisCO activase and the electron transport rate. Regarding N metabolism, the gene expression, nitrite reductase (NIR) and transport levels detected in young...