Intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) for soft tissue sarcoma - ESTRO IORT Task Force/ACROP recommendations
Purpose: To describe guidelines for the use of intraoperative radiation therapy (IORT) in the treatment of soft-tissue sarcomas (STS). Methods: A panel of experts in the field performed a systematic literature review, supplemented their clinical experience and developed recommendations for the use of IORT in the treatment of STS. Results: Based on the evidence from the systematic literature review and the clinical experience of the panel members, recommendations regarding patient selection, incorporation into multimodal treatment concepts and the IORT procedure itself are made. The rationale for IORT in extremity and retroperitoneal STS is summarized and results of the major series in terms of patient and treatment characteristics, oncological outcome and toxicity are presented. We define surgical factors, volumes for irradiation, technical requirements, dose prescription, recording and reporting, treatment delivery and care during the course of IORT covering the main IORT techniques used for the treatment of STS. In extremity STS, evidence originates from a few small prospective and mainly from retrospective single centre studies. Based on those reports, IORT containing-approaches result in very high local control rates with low rates of acute and late toxicity. In retroperitoneal sarcomas, evidence is derived from one prospective randomized trial, a few prospective and a large number of retrospective studies. The randomized trial compared IORT combined with moderate doses of postoperative external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to high-dose postoperative EBRT alone after gross total resection, clearly favouring the IORT-containing approach. These results have been confirmed by the prospective and retrospective studies, which similarly showed high local control rates with acceptable toxicity, mainly favouring combinations of preoperative EBRT and IORT. Conclusions: IORT-containing approaches result in high rates of local control with low to acceptable toxicity rates. Based on the available evidence, we made recommendations for the use of IORT in STS. Clinicians and researchers are encouraged to use these guidelines in clinical routine as well as in the design of future trials. (c) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.