Detalle Publicación

The vancomycin soaking technique: no differences in autograft re-rupture rate. A comparative study

Autores: Perez-Prieto, D. (Autor de correspondencia); Perelli, S.; Corcoll, F. ; Rojas, G. ; Montiel Terrón, Veronica; Monllau, J. C.
ISSN: 0341-2695
Volumen: 45
Número: 6
Páginas: 1407 - 1411
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Purpose The main aim of this study was to evaluate the re-rupture risk after an anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACL-R) using the vancomycin soaking technique and to compare it with the re-rupture risk in patients on whom this technique was not utilized. The secondary purpose was to compare the functional outcomes of those two subsets of patients operated on for ACL-R. The hypotheses are that the vancomycin soaking technique does not affect the re-rupture risk or the functional outcomes. Material and methods A retrospective historical cohort study was conducted. Two groups were compared in terms of the re-rupture rate (traumatic or atraumatic) and functional outcomes (International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Tegner, and Lysholm). Group 1 consisted of patients that received pre-operative IV antibiotics. In group 2, the patients received pre-operative IV antibiotics along with a graft that had been presoaked in a vancomycin solution. A minimum follow-up of five years was required. Results There were 17 patients that suffered a re-rupture in group 1 (4.7%) and 15 in group 2 (3.9%) (n.s.). IKDC was 82.0 in group 1 and 83.9 in group 2 (p = 0.049); Tegner scored 4 in both groups (n.s.) and Lysholm was 90.3 in group 1 and 92.0 in group 2 (p = 0.015). Conclusion The vancomycin soaking technique for ACL autografts is a safe procedure for the daily clinical practice, in terms of re-ruptures. Moreover, it does not impair functional outcomes after an ACL-R.