Detalle Publicación

Diagnostic delay and outcome in immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma in Spain: a multicentric study

Autores: Velasco, R. (Autor de correspondencia); Mercadal, S. ; Vidal, N.; Alana, M.; Barcelo, M. I. ; Ibanez-Julia, M. J. ; Bobillo, S. ; Agud, R. C.; Molina, E. G. ; Martinez, P. ; Cacabelos, P. ; Muntanola, A. ; Garcia-Catalan, G. ; Sancho, J. M.; Camro, I.; Lado, T.; Erro, M. E.; Gomez-Vicente, L.; Salar, A. ; Caballero, A. C. ; Sole-Rodriguez, M. ; Gállego Pérez de Larraya, Jaime; Huertas, N.; Estela, J.; Baron, M.; Barbero-Bordallo, N.; Encuentra, M. ; Dlouhy, I. ; Bruna, J.; Graus, F.; GELTAMO and GENOSEN group
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY
ISSN: 0167-594X
Volumen: 148
Número: 3
Páginas: 545 - 554
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Introduction To assess the management of immunocompetent patients with primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) in Spain. Methods Retrospective analysis of 327 immunocompetent patients with histologically confirmed PCNSL diagnosed between 2005 and 2014 in 27 Spanish hospitals. Results Median age was 64 years (range: 19-84; 33% >= 70 years), 54% were men, and 59% had a performance status (PS) >= 2 at diagnosis. Median delay to diagnosis was 47 days (IQR 24-81). Diagnostic delay > 47 days was associated with PS >= 2 (OR 1.99; 95% CI 1.13-3.50; p = 0.016) and treatment with corticosteroids (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.14-5.40; p = 0.023), and it did not improve over the years. Patients treated with corticosteroids (62%) had a higher risk of additional biopsies (11.7% vs 4.0%, p = 0.04) but corticosteroids withdrawal before surgery did not reduce this risk and increased the diagnostic delay (64 vs 40 days, p = 0.04). Median overall survival (OS) was 8.9 months [95% CI 5.9-11.7] for the whole series, including 52 (16%) patients that were not treated, and 14.1 months (95%CI 7.7-20.5) for the 240 (73.4%) patients that received high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based chemotherapy. Median OS was shorter in patients >= 70 years (4.1 vs. 13.4 months; p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis identified age >= 65 years, PS >= 2, no treatment, and cognitive/psychiatric symptoms at diagnosis as independent predictors of short survival. Conclusions Corticosteroids withdrawal before surgery does not decrease the risk of a negative biopsy but delays diagnosis. In this community-based study, only 73.4% of patients could receive HD-MTX-based chemotherapy and OS remains poor, particularly in elderly patients >= 70 years.