Detalle Publicación

Localized treatment with oncolytic adenovirus Delta-24-RGDOX induces systemic immunity against disseminated subcutaneous and intracranial melanomas

Autores: Jiang, H. (Autor de correspondencia); Shin, D. H.; Nguyen, T. T.; Fueyo, J.; Fan, X. J. ; Henry, V.; Carrillo, C. C.; Yi, Y. H. ; Alonso Roldán, Marta María; Collier, T. L. ; Yuan, Y.; Lang, F. F. ; Gomez-Manzano, C. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH
ISSN: 1078-0432
Volumen: 25
Número: 22
Páginas: 6801 - 6814
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Resumen:
Purpose: Intratumoral injection of oncolytic adenovirus Delta-24-RGDOX induces efficacious antiglioma immunity in syngeneic glioma mouse models. We hypothesized that localized treatment with the virus is effective against disseminated melanomas. Experimental Design: We tested the therapeutic effect of injecting Delta-24-RGDOX into primary subcutaneous (s. c.) B16-Red-FLuc tumors in s.c./s.c. and s.c./intracranial (i.c.) melanoma models in C57BL/6 mice. Tumor growth and in vivo luciferase-expressing ovalbumin-specific (OT-I/Luc) T cells were monitored with bioluminescence imaging. Cells were profiled for surface markers with flow cytometry. Results: In both s.c./s.c. and s.c./i. c. models, 3 injections of Delta-24- RGDOX significantly inhibited the growth of both the virus-injected s.c. tumor and untreated distant s.c. and i.c. tumors, thereby prolonging survival. The surviving mice were protected from rechallenging with the same tumor cells. The virus treatment increased the presence of T cells and the frequency of effector T cells in the virus-injected tumor and mediated the same changes in T cells from peripheral blood, spleen, and brain hemispheres with untreated tumor. Moreover, Delta-24- RGDOX decreased the numbers of exhausted T cells and regulatory T cells in the virus-injected and untreated tumors. Consequently, the virus promoted the in situ expansion of tumor-specific T cells and their migration to tumors expressing the target antigen. Conclusions: Localized intratumoral injection of Delta24-RGDOX induces an in situ antovaccination of the treated melanoma, the effect of which changes the immune landscape of the treated mice, resulting in systemic immunity against disseminated s.c. and i.c. tumors.
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