Alternative splicing (AS) has shown to play a pivotal role in the development of diseases, including cancer. Specifically, all the hallmarks of cancer (angiogenesis, cell immortality, avoiding immune system response, etc.) are found to have a counterpart in aberrant splicing of key genes. Identifying the context-specific regulators of splicing provides valuable information to find new biomarkers, as well as to define alternative therapeutic strategies. The computational models to identify these regulators are not trivial and require three conceptual steps: the detection of AS events, the identification of splicing factors that potentially regulate these events and the contextualization of these pieces of information for a specific experiment. In this work, we review the different algorithmic methodologies developed for each of these tasks. Main weaknesses and strengths of the different steps of the pipeline are discussed. Finally, a case study is detailed to help the reader be aware of the potential and limitations of this computational approach.