ARTÍCULO

An integrative understanding of habit to explore its neural correlates

Autores: Bernácer María, Javier
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF CONSCIOUSNESS STUDIES
ISSN: 1355-8250
Volumen: 25
Número: 7 - 8
Páginas: 112 - 134
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Resumen:
Scientific research leans on the theoretical assumptions that have been taken for granted through decades of research. Experimental psychology, mostly rooted in experiments with rodents, defines habits as rigid, unconscious, and non-teleological behaviours opposed to goal-directed actions. This definition has been transferred to human research as such, and habits are thus viewed as compulsions, obsessions, slips-of-action, and addictions. From an experiential point of view, however, humans possess habits that go beyond these behaviours. According to Aristotle, habits are dispositions of thought and performance, usually acquired by repetition, which predispose our future actions. This 'new' understanding of human habits would be associated with a brain configuration that goes beyond the rigid carving of motor routines in certain areas. An empirical application of this interpretation is explained. In conclusion, a novel perspective is proposed to study the neural correlates of habits and their impact on behaviour.