Causation as the self-determination of a singular and freely chosen optimality

Autores: Barrett, Nathaniel; Sánchez Cañizares, Javier
Título de la revista: REVIEW OF METAPHYSICS
ISSN: 0034-6632
Volumen: 71
Número: 4
Páginas: 755 - 787
Fecha de publicación: 2018
The philosopher Roberto Unger and the physicist Lee Smolin have recently argued that the current explanatory framework of cosmology, which presumes a timeless background of unchanging physical laws, should be replaced by a thoroughly relational framework in which time is fundamental and all laws are subject to change. Within this alternative framework, however, Unger and Smolin find themselves confronted by a dilemma: either the laws of nature evolve according to some higher set of ¿meta-laws,¿ which reinstates a timeless background at a higher level, or the laws of nature evolve randomly and the path of inquiry is blocked. In response to this dilemma, the authors propose a theory of causal events as singular, freely chosen, and self-determined optimalities constrained only by their intrinsic relations to all other events.