Nuestros investigadores

Carmen Roncal Mancho

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe, J; et al.
Revista: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN 2045-2322  Vol. 9  2019  págs. 15580
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a major cause of acute and chronic illness, with extremely poor prognosis that remains underdiagnosed and undertreated. Trimethylamine-N-Oxide (TMAO), a gut derived metabolite, has been associated with atherosclerotic burden. We determined plasma levels of TMAO by mass spectrometry and evaluated their association with PAD severity and prognosis. 262 symptomatic PAD patients (mean age 70 years, 87% men) categorized in intermittent claudication (IC, n = 147) and critical limb ischemia (CLI, n = 115) were followed-up for a mean average of 4 years (min 1-max 102 months). TMAO levels were increased in CLI compared to IC (P < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for severity (CLI) rendered a cutoff of 2.26 mu mol/L for TMAO (62% sensitivity, 76% specificity). Patients with TMAO > 2.26 mu mol/L exhibited higher risk of cardiovascular death (sub-hazard ratios >= 2, P < 0.05) that remained significant after adjustment for confounding factors. TMAO levels were associated to disease severity and CV-mortality in our cohort, suggesting an improvement of PAD prognosis with the measurement of TMAO. Overall, our results indicate that the intestinal bacterial function, together with the activity of key hepatic enzymes for TMA oxidation (FMO3) and renal function, should be considered when designing therapeutic strategies to control gut-derived metabolites in vascular patients.
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Salicio, Agustina; et al.
Revista: TRANSLATIONAL STROKE RESEARCH
ISSN 1868-4483  Vol. 10  Nº 4  2019  págs. 389 - 401
Diabetes is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke (IS). Tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) has been associated with less successful revascularization and poor functional outcome in diabetes. We assessed whether a new thrombolytic strategy based on MMP10 was more effective than tPA in a murine IS model of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes. Wild-type mice were administered a single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (180mg/kg) to develop STZ-induced diabetes mellitus. Two weeks later, IS was induced by thrombin injection into the middle cerebral artery and the effect of recombinant MMP10 (6.5 mu g/kg), tPA (10mg/kg) or tPA/MMP10 on brain damage and functional outcome were analysed. Motor activity was assessed using the open field test. Additionally, we studied plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and thrombin-antithrombin complex levels (TAT) by ELISA and oxidative stress and blood-brain barrier (BBB) integrity by immunohistochemistry and western blot. MMP10 treatment was more effective at reducing infarct size and neurodegeneration than tPA 24h and 3days after IS in diabetic mice. Locomotor activity was impaired by hyperglycemia and ischemic injury, but not by the thrombolytic treatments. Additionally, TAT, oxidative stress and BBB permeability were reduced by MMP10 treatment, whereas brain bleeding or PAI-1 expression did not differ between treatments. Thrombolytic treatment with MMP10 was more effective than tPA at reducing stroke and neurodegeneration in a diabetic murine model of IS, without increasing haemorrhage. Thus, we propose MMP10 as a potential candidate for the clinical treatment of IS in diabetic patients.
Autores: Marcos-Jubilar, María; Orbe, J; Roncal, Carmen; et al.
Revista: CLINICA E INVESTIGACION EN ARTERIOSCLEROSIS
ISSN 0214-9168  Vol. 31  Nº 4  2019  págs. 152 - 159
Introduction: Monocytes play an important role in atherosclerotic progression having both pro and anti-inflammatory effects depending on different circulating monocyte subpopulations. The objective of this study is to characterize these subpopulations and their association with cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: Transversal study including 102 selected patients, mean age: 65 years-old (range 41-86), 69% males. A set of specific antibodies against classical monocytes (Mont, CD14+CD16- CD300e+HLADR+), intermediate (Mon2, CD14+CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) and nonclassical (Mon3, CD14 CD16+CD300e+HLADR+) was assayed. Three groups of patients were included: 17 asymptomatic with more than one cardiovascular risk factor (group 1), 56 subjects asymptomatic but with vascular pathology assessed by ultrasound or microalbuminuria (group 2) and 19 patients with a previous atherothrombotic event (group 3). The cardiovascular risk was determined by Framingham and REGICOR scores. Results: An association between study groups and the percentage of Mon1 and Mon2 was observed (ANOVA, p <.05), being independent of age and sex for Mon2. Likewise Mont and Mon2 subpopulations were associated with cardiovascular adverse events (beta=0.86, p=.02 beta-0.1 p=.002, respectively), independently of age and sex in the case of Mon2. Moreover the percentage of Mon3 was associated with the presence of several cardiovascular risk factors ((3 = 0.21, p =.04) in the univariate analysis. In addition, there was a correlation between the levels of Mon1 and Mon2 and leukocytes (r =0.7, p <.001 and r =0.26, p =.01, respectively). Conclusions: The analysis of monocyte subpopulations may be clinically useful to stratify the inflammatory profile related to the different cardiovascular risk groups.
Autores: Domper, L. F. ; Roncal, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E. ; et al.
Revista: HAEMATOLOGICA
ISSN 0390-6078  Vol. 104  2019  págs. 137 - 137
Autores: Orbe, J; Aguilar, E. M.; et al.
Revista: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ISSN 0021-9150  Vol. 287  2019  págs. E141 - E141
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe, J.; et al.
Revista: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ISSN 0021-9150  Vol. 287  2019  págs. E233 - E233
Autores: David, L.; Maillo, A.; et al.
Revista: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ISSN 0021-9150  Vol. 287  2019  págs. E65 - E65
Autores: Rodríguez, José Antonio; Orbe, J; Saenz-Pipaon, G.; et al.
Revista: THROMBOSIS RESEARCH
ISSN 0049-3848  Vol. 170  2018  págs. 1 - 9
Introduction: Wound healing after myocardial infarction (MI) is mediated by different cell types, secreted proteins, components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and, as increasing evidences suggest, extracellular vesicles (EVs). We aim to determine the dynamics of release and origin of EVs after MI, as well as their biological activity on endothelial cells (ECs). Methods: MI was induced in WT mice and blood and tissues collected at baseline, 3, 15 and 30 days post-ligation for cardiac function (echocardiography) and histological evaluation. Circulating EVs subpopulations were measured by flow cytometry in mouse, and in a small cohort of patients with ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI, n= 6). In vitro, EVs were isolated from a cardiomyocyte cell line (HL1) and their function assayed on ECs. Results: Leukocyte and endothelial EVs increased concomitant to inflammatory and angiogenic processes triggered by ischemia. More strikingly, cardiomyocyte EVs (connexin43+) were detected in STEMI patients and in murine MI, where a significant increase in their levels was reported at day 15 post-ischemia (p < 0.05 vs baseline). In vitro, HL1EVs induced ECs migration (p= 0.05) and proliferation (p < 0.05), but impaired tube formation. These apparent contradictory results could be partially explained by the upregulation of MMP3, and the apoptosis and senescence genes, p53 and p16, induced by HL1EVs on ECs (p < 0.05). Conclusions: MI induces the release of different EVs subpopulations, including those of cardiac origin, in a preclinical model of MI and STEMI patients. In vitro, cardiomyocyte derived EVs are able to modulate endothelial function, suggesting their active role in heart repair after ischemia.
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Orbe, J; et al.
Revista: ATHEROSCLEROSIS
ISSN 0021-9150  Vol. 278  2018  págs. 124 - 134
Background and aims: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in atherosclerosis and vascular calcification. Among them, we reported that MMP10 is present in human atheroma, associated with atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear whether MMP10 is involved in atherogenesis and vascular calcification. Methods: MMP10 was measured in serum from patients with subclinical atherosclerosis and analyzed in carotid endarterectomies by immunostaining. ApoE-deficient mice (Apoe(-/-)) were crossed to MMP10-deficient (Mmp10(-/-)) mice and followed up to 20 months. Plaque area and composition were assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Inflammatory markers were measured in atherosclerotic plaques by RT-qPCR, and leukocyte subpopulations were analyzed by flow cytometry. In vitro calcification assays were performed in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). Results: MMP10 serum levels were associated with coronary calcification in subjects with subclinical atherosclerosis. Immunostaining revealed MMP10 expression in human atheromas, spatially associated with calcification areas, and complicated plaques released higher amounts of MMP10 than non-diseased segments. Interestingly, vascular MMP10 expression was confined to the atherosclerotic lesion in Apoe(-/-) mice, and Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) showed a substantial reduction in atherosclerotic lesion size, macrophage content and plaque calcification. Reduced local and systemic inflammatory markers could be demonstrated in Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) by gene expression and flow cytometry analysis. Calcium phosphate deposition and vascular calcification markers were downregulated in VSMC from Apoe(-/-) Mmp10(-/-) mice. Conclusions: Delayed plaque progression and altered cellular composition in the absence of MMP10 suggests that MMP10 plays a role in atherosclerosis, favoring inflammation, development and complication of the plaque.
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Martinez-Aguilar, E. ; Orbe, J; et al.
Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
ISSN 0014-2972  Vol. 48  Nº Supl. 1  2018  págs. 121 - 122
Autores: Martinez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe, J; Fernández-Montero, Alejandro; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY
ISSN 0741-5214  Vol. 66  Nº 5  2017  págs. 1527 - 1533
Objective The prognosis of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is characterized by an exceptionally high risk for myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and death; however, studies in search of new prognostic biomarkers in PAD are scarce. Even though low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) have been associated with higher risk of cardiovascular (CV) complications and death in different atherosclerotic diseases, recent epidemiologic studies have challenged its prognostic utility. The aim of this study was to test the predictive value of HDL-C as a risk factor for ischemic events or death in symptomatic PAD patients. Methods Clinical and demographic parameters of 254 symptomatic PAD patients were recorded. Amputation, ischemic coronary disease, cerebrovascular disease, and all-cause mortality were recorded during a mean follow-up of 2.7 years. Results Multivariate analyses showed that disease severity (critical limb ischemia) was significantly reduced in patients with normal HDL-C levels compared with the group with low HDL-C levels (multivariate analysis odds ratio, 0.09; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.24). A decreased risk for mortality (hazard ratio, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.21-0.99) and major adverse CV events (hazard ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.16-0.86) was also found in patients with normal vs reduced levels of HDL-C in both Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier estimates, after adjustment for confounding factors. Conclusions Reduced HDL-C levels were significantly associated with higher risk for development of CV complications as well as with mortality in PAD patients. These findings highlight the usefulness of this simple test for early identification of PAD patients at high risk for development of major CV events.
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; Salicio, Agustina; et al.
Revista: CARDIOVASCULAR RESEARCH
ISSN 0008-6363  Vol. 113  Nº 10  2017  págs. 1219 - 1229
Aims Early reperfusion with tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) is an effective therapeutic strategy to treat acute ischemic stroke, but only 1/3 of tPA-treated patients recover and are free from disability. tPA has also shown neurotoxicity in experimental models of cerebral ischemia. Considering that MMP-10 improves stroke injury, we have examined the therapeutic and protective effect of MMP10 and tPA/MMP10 as clot-dissolving and neuroprotective agent in an experimental model of ischemic stroke and studied in vitro the molecular pathways involved in MMP10-mediated effects. Methods and results Cerebral ischemia was induced by the local injection of thrombin into the middle cerebral artery followed by reperfusion with MMP10 (6.5 mu g/kg) and tPA (10 mg/kg) alone or in combination with MMP10. Cell cultures were also performed to determine the effect of MMP10 and tPA/MMP10 on brain endothelial cells and neurons. tPA/MMP10 significantly reduced the infarct size in the ischemic stroke model compared with tPA alone (P < 0.05). In vitro, MMP10 reduced the tPA-promoted endothelial ionic permeability, preserved the expression of claudin-5 and decreased ERK1/2 activation. Moreover, combination of tPA/MMP10 prevented tPA-mediated neuronal excitotoxicity and calcium influx. These effects were reversed by blocking MMP10 activity with a monoclonal antibody. Conclusion These results show that MMP10, either alone or in combination with tPA, might represent a new strategy for thrombolysis in ischemic stroke, providing higher protection against cerebrovascular damage.
Autores: Orbe, J; Martínez-Aguilar, E.; Rodríguez, José Antonio; et al.
Revista: FASEB JOURNAL
ISSN 0892-6638  Vol. 29  Nº 3  2015  págs. 960 - 972
We studied the role of matrix metalloproteinase-10 (MMP-10) during skeletal muscle repair after ischemia using a model of femoral artery excision in wild-type (WT) and MMP-10 deficient (Mmp10(-/-)) mice. Functional changes were analyzed by small animal positron emission tomography and tissue morphology by immunohistochemistry. Gene expression and protein analysis were used to study the molecular mechanisms governed by MMP-10 in hypoxia. Early after ischemia, MMP-10 deficiency resulted in delayed tissue reperfusion (10%, P < 0.01) and in increased necrosis (2-fold, P < 0.01), neutrophil (4-fold, P < 0.01), and macrophage (1.5-fold, P < 0.01) infiltration. These differences at early time points resulted in delayed myotube regeneration in Mmp10(-/-) soleus at later stages (regenerating myofibers: 30 ± 9% WT vs. 68 ± 10% Mmp10(-/-), P < 0.01). The injection of MMP-10 into Mmp10(-/-) mice rescued the observed phenotype. A molecular analysis revealed higher levels of Cxcl1 mRNA (10-fold, P < 0.05) and protein (30%) in the ischemic Mmp10(-/-) muscle resulting from a lack of transcriptional inhibition by MMP-10. This was further confirmed using siRNA against MMP-10 in vivo. Our results demonstrate an important role of MMP-10 for proper muscle repair after ischemia, and suggest that chemokine regulation such as Cxcl1 by MMP-10 is involved in muscle regeneration
Autores: Martínez-Aguilar, E.; Gómez-Rodríguez, V.; Orbe, J; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY
ISSN 0741-5214  Vol. 61  Nº 2  2015  págs. 428 - 435
Objective: Peripheral arterial disease ( PAD) is associated with poor prognosis in terms of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to vascular remodeling by degrading extracellular matrix components and play a role in atherosclerosis as demonstrated for MMP-10 (stromelysin-2). This study analyzed MMP-10 levels in PAD patients according to disease severity and CV risk factors and evaluated the prognostic value of MMP-10 for CV events and mortality in lower limb arterial disease after a follow-up period of 2 years. Methods: MMP-10 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 187 PAD patients and 200 sex-matched controls. Results: PAD patients presented with increased levels of MMP-10 (702 +/- 326 pg/mL control vs 946 +/- 473 pg/mL PAD; P < .001) and decreased levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (312 +/- 117 ng/mL control vs 235 +/- 110 ng/mL PAD; P <.001) compared with controls. Among PAD patients, those with critical limb ischemia (n = 88) showed higher levels of MMP-10 (1086 6 478 pg/mL vs 822 6 436 pg/mL; P < .001) compared with those with intermittent claudication (n = 99), whereas the MMP-10/tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 ratio remained similar. The univariate analysis showed an association between MMP-10, age (P = .015), hypertension (P = .021), and ankle-brachial index (P = .006) in PAD patients that remained significantly associated with PAD severity after adjustment for other CV risk factors. Patients with the highest MMP-10 tertile had an increased incidence of all-cause mortality and CV mortality (P < .03). Conclusions: Our results suggest that MMP-10 is associated with severity and poor outcome in PAD.
Autores: Orbe, J; Alexandru, N.; Roncal, Carmen; et al.
Revista: THROMBOSIS RESEARCH
ISSN 0049-3848  Vol. 136  Nº 2  2015  págs. 445 - 450
BACKGROUND: Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) plays an important role in coagulation and fibrinolysis. Whereas TAFI deficiency may lead to a haemorrhagic tendency, data from TAFI knockout mice (TAFI-/-) are controversial and no differences have been reported in these animals after ischemic stroke. There are also no data regarding the role of circulating microparticles (MPs) in TAFI-/-. OBJECTIVES: to examine the effect of tPA on the rate of intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and on MPs generated in a model of ischemic stroke in TAFI-/- mice. METHODS: Thrombin was injected into the middle cerebral artery (MCA) to analyse the effect of tPA (10mg/Kg) on the infarct size and haemorrhage in the absence of TAFI. Immunofluorescence for Fluoro-Jade C was performed on frozen brain slides to analyse neuronal degeneration after ischemia. MPs were isolated from mouse blood and their concentrations calculated by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared with saline, tPA significantly increased the infarct size in TAFI-/- mice (p<0.05). Although plasma fibrinolytic activity (fibrin plate assay) was higher in these animals, no macroscopic or microscopic ICH was detected. A positive signal for apoptosis and degenerating neurons was observed in the infarct area, being significantly higher in tPA treated TAFI-/- mice (p<0.05). Interestingly, higher numbers of MPs were found in TAFI-/- plasma as compared to wild type, after stroke (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: TAFI deficiency results in increased brain damage in a model of thrombolysis after ischemic stroke, which was not associated with bleeding but with neuronal degeneration and MP production.
Autores: Martínez-Aguilar, E.; Orbe, J; Rodríguez, José Antonio; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY
ISSN 0741-5214  Vol. 61  Nº 2  2015  págs. 428 - 435
Objective Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with poor prognosis in terms of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to vascular remodeling by degrading extracellular matrix components and play a role in atherosclerosis as demonstrated for MMP-10 (stromelysin-2). This study analyzed MMP-10 levels in PAD patients according to disease severity and CV risk factors and evaluated the prognostic value of MMP-10 for CV events and mortality in lower limb arterial disease after a follow-up period of 2 years. Methods MMP-10 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 187 PAD patients and 200 sex-matched controls. Results PAD patients presented with increased levels of MMP-10 (702 ± 326 pg/mL control vs 946 ± 473 pg/mL PAD; P <.001) and decreased levels of tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (312 ± 117 ng/mL control vs 235 ± 110 ng/mL PAD; P <.001) compared with controls. Among PAD patients, those with critical limb ischemia (n = 88) showed higher levels of MMP-10 (1086 ± 478 pg/mL vs 822 ± 436 pg/mL; P <.001) compared with those with intermittent claudication (n = 99), whereas the MMP-10/tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase 1 ratio remained similar. The univariate analysis showed an association between MMP-10, age (P =.015), hypertension (P =.021), and ankle-brachial index (P =.006) in PAD patients that remained significantly associated with PAD severity after adjustment for other CV risk factors. Patients with the highest MMP-10 tertile had an increased incidence of all-cause mortality and CV mortality (P <.03). Conclusions Our results suggest that MMP-10 is associated with severity and poor outcome in PAD.
Autores: Hernández, C.; Roncal, Carmen; Orbe, J; et al.
Revista: THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS
ISSN 0340-6245  Vol. 111  Nº 1  2014  págs. 182
Autores: Hernández, C. ; Orbe, J; Roncal, Carmen; et al.
Revista: THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS
ISSN 0340-6245  Vol. 110  Nº 3  2013  págs. 598 - 608
Abstract A prothrombotic state is one of the hallmarks of malignancy and a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in cancer patients.Tissue factor (TF) is often overexpressed in malignancy and is a prime candidate in predicting the hypercoagulable state. Moreover, increased number of TF-exposing microparticles (MPs) in cancer patients may contribute to venous thromboembolism (VTE). We have conducted a prospective cohort study to determine whether elevated TF antigen, TF activity and TF associated to MPs (MPs-TF) are predictive of VTE and mortality in cancer patients. The studied population consisted of 252 cancer patients and 36 healthy controls. TF antigen and activity and MPs-TF were determined by ELISA and chromogenic assays. During a median follow-up of 10 months, 40 thrombotic events were recorded in 34 patients (13.5%), and 73 patients (28.9%) died. TF antigen and activity were significantly higher in patients than in controls (p<0.01) mainly in patients with advanced stages, whereas no differences were observed for TF activity of isolated MPs. We did not find a statistically significant association of TF variables with the risk of VTE. Multivariate analysis adjusting for age, sex, type of cancer and other confounding variables showed that TF activity (p<0.01) and MPs-TF activity (p<0.05) were independently associated with mortality. In conclusion, while TF variables were not associated with future VTE in cancer patients, we found a strong association of TF and MPs-TF activity with mortality, thus suggesting they might be good prognostic markers in cancer patients.
Autores: Roncal, Carmen; calvayrac, o; et al.
Revista: Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis and vascular biology (Print)
ISSN 1079-5642  Vol. 32  Nº 6  2012  págs. 1477 - 1487
Autores: Sandra Hervas-Stubbs; et al.
Revista: Cancer Research
ISSN 0008-5472  Vol. 71  Nº 3  2011  págs. 801 - 11
Agonist monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to the immune costimulatory molecule CD137, also known as 4-1BB, are presently in clinical trials for cancer treatment on the basis of their costimulatory effects on primed T cells and perhaps other cells of the immune system. Here we provide evidence that CD137 is selectively expressed on the surface of tumor endothelial cells. Hypoxia upregulated CD137 on murine endothelial cells. Treatment of tumor-bearing immunocompromised Rag(-/-) mice with agonist CD137 mAb did not elicit any measurable antiangiogenic effects. In contrast, agonist mAb stimulated tumor endothelial cells, increasing cell surface expression of the adhesion molecules intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1, and E-selectin. When adoptively transferred into mice, activated T lymphocytes derived from CD137-deficient animals entered more avidly into tumor tissue after treatment with agonist mAb. This effect could be neutralized with anti-ICAM-1 and anti-VCAM-1 blocking antibodies. Thus, stimulation of CD137 not only enhanced T-cell activation but also augmented their trafficking into malignant tissue, through direct actions on the blood vessels that irrigate the tumor. Our findings identify an additional mechanism of action that can explain the immunotherapeutic effects of agonist CD137 antibodies