Nuestros investigadores

Irene Manrique Sáenz de Tejada

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Moreno, Laura; Zabaleta, Aintzane; et al.
ISSN 1078-0432  Vol. 25  Nº 10  2019  págs. 3176 - 3187
Purpose: Knowledge about the mechanism of action (MoA) of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) is required to understand which patients with multiple myeloma (MM) benefit the most from a given mAb, alone or in combination therapy. Although there is considerable research about daratumumab, knowledge about other anti-CD38 mAbs remains scarce. Experimental Design: We performed a comprehensive analysis of the MoA of isatuximab. Results: Isatuximab induces internalization of CD38 but not its significant release from MMcell surface. In addition, we uncovered an association between levels of CD38 expression and different MoA: (i) Isatuximab was unable to induce direct apoptosis on MM cells with CD38 levels closer to those in patients with MM, (ii) isatuximab sensitized CD38(hi) MMcells to bortezomib plus dexamethasone in the presence of stroma, (iii) antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was triggered by CD38(lo) and CD38(hi) tumor plasma cells (PC), (iv) antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) was triggered only by CD38(hi) MM cells, whereas (v) complement-dependent cytotoxicity could be triggered in less than half of the patient samples (those with elevated levels of CD38). Furthermore, we showed that isatuximab depletes CD38(hi) B-lymphocyte precursors and natural killer (NK) lymphocytes ex vivo-the latter through activation followed by exhaustion and eventually phagocytosis. Conclusions: This study provides a framework to understand response determinants in patients treated with isatuximab based on the number of MoA triggered by CD38 levels of expression, and for the design of effective combinations aimed at capitalizing disrupted tumor-stroma cell protection, augmenting NK lymphocyte-mediated ADCC, or facilitating ADCP in CD38(lo) MM patients.
Autores: Gonzalez-Zubeldia, I.; Redrado M; et al.
ISSN 0302-766X  Vol. 359  Nº 3  2015  págs. 829 - 839
1 in CRC cell¿CAFs attachment and its impact on liver metastasis. CAFs were obtained after xenotransplantation of Mc38 cells into EGFP-C57BL/6 mice. Attachment experiments with CRC cells and CAFs (with or without TGFß1 and the inhibitory peptide P17) were carried out, as well as in vivo liver metastasis assays. TGFß1 induced adhesion of CRC cells to CAFs, whereas exposure to P17 abrogated this effect. Co-injection of Mc38 cells with CAFs intrasplenically increased liver metastasis, as compared to injection of tumor cells alone. Pretreatment of Mc38 cells with TGFß1 enhanced the metastatic burden, in comparison to untreated Mc38 + CAFs. TGFß1-pretreated Mc38 cells co-metastatized with CAFs to the liver in a highly efficient way. Importantly, the metastatic burden was significantly reduced (p < 0.001) when P17 was administered in mice. The number of PCNA+ and CD-31+ cells was also reduced by P17 in these animals, indicating a decrease in proliferation and angiogenesis upon TGFß1 signaling blockade. Through microarray analysis, we identified potential TGFß1-regulated genes that may mediate cancer cell¿stroma interactions to increase metastasis. In conclusion, TGFß1 promotes co-travelling of CRC cells and CAFs to the liver to enhance metastasis. Our results strongly support the use of TGFß1 targeted drugs as a novel strategy to reduce liver metastasis in CRC patients.
Autores: Nguewa, Paul; Redrado M; et al.
ISSN 0270-4137  Vol. 75  Nº 11  2015  págs. 1137 - 1149
INTRODUCTIONThe need for new treatments for advanced prostate cancer has fostered the experimental use of targeted therapies. Sunitinib is a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor that mainly targets membrane-bound receptors of cells within the tumor microenvironment, such as endothelial cells and pericytes. However, recent studies suggest a direct effect on tumor cells. In the present study, we have evaluated both direct and indirect effects of Sunitinib in prostate cancer and how this drug regulates hypoxia, using in vitro and in vivo models. METHODSWe have used both in vitro (PC-3, DU145, and LNCaP cells) and in vivo (PC-3 xenografts) models to study the effect of Sunitinib in prostate cancer. Analysis of hypoxia based on HIF-1 expression and FMISO uptake was conducted. ALDH activity was used to analyze cancer stem cells (CSC). RESULTSSunitinib strongly reduced proliferation of PC-3 and DU-145 cells in a dose dependent manner, and decreased levels of p-Akt, p-Erk1/2, and Id-1, compared to untreated cells. A 3-fold reduction in tumor growth was also observed (P<0.001 with respect to controls). Depletion of Hif-1 levels in vitro and a decrease in FMISO uptake in vivo showed that Sunitinib inhibits tumor hypoxia. When combined with radiotherapy, this drug enhanced cell death in vitro and in vivo, and significantly decreased CD-31, PDGFR, Hif-1, Id1, and PCNA protein levels (whereas apoptosis was increased) in tumors as compared to controls or single-therapy treated mice. Moreover, Sunitinib reduced the number of ALDH+ cancer stem-like cells and sensitized these cells to radiation-mediated loss of clonogenicity. DISCUSIONOur results support the use of Sunitinib in prostate cancer and shows that both hypoxia and cancer stem cells are involved in the effect elicited by this drug. Combination of Sunitinib with radiotherapy warrants further consideration to reduce prostate cancer burden.
Autores: Manrique, Irene; Nguewa, Paul; et al.
ISSN 0304-3835  Vol. 356  Nº 2 Pt B  2015  págs. 899-909
Id1 has been shown to play a critical role in tumorigenesis and angiogenesis. Moreover, recent reports have involved Id1 in the maintenance of cancer stem cell features in some tumor types. The Id1 gene generates two isoforms through alternative splicing: Id1a and Id1b. We have investigated the role of each isoform in cancer development. Using lentiviral systems we modified the endogenous expression of each of these isoforms in cancer cells and analyzed their biological effect both in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of Id1b in murine CT26 and 3LL cells caused a G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and reduced proliferation, clonogenicity and phospho-ERK1/2 levels, while increasing p27 levels. High levels of Id1a had an opposite effect and the proportion of cells in the S phase increased significantly. In vivo models confirmed the inhibitory role of Id1b in primary tumor growth and metastasis. Through microarray analysis we found that the cancer stem cell (CSC) markers ALDH1A1 and Notch-1 were up-regulated specifically in Id1b-overexpressing cells. By using qPCR we also found overexpression of Sca-1, Tert, Sox-2 and Oct-4 in these cells. Increased levels of Id1b promoted self-renewal and CSC-like properties, as shown by their high capacity for developing secondary tumorspheres and retaining the PKH26 dye. The acquisition of CSC phenotype was confirmed in human PC-3 cells that overexpressed Id1b. Our results show that Id1b maintains cells in a quiescent state and promotes self-renewal and
Autores: Nguewa, Paul; Manrique, Irene; et al.
ISSN 1566-5240  Vol. 14  Nº 1  2014  págs. 151 - 162
Id-1 is a member of the helix-loop-helix family of proteins that regulates the activity of transcription factors to suppress cellular differentiation and to promote cell growth. Overexpression of Id-1 in tumor cells correlates with increased malignancy and resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Id-1B is an isoform generated by alternative splicing that differs from the classical Id-1 in the 13-C-terminal amino acids, whose function is at present unknown. We have studied the role of Id-1B in cancer and its expression in healthy/malignant lung tissues. Overexpression of Id-1B in A549 lung and PC3 prostate cancer cells reduced anchorage-dependent and independent proliferation and clonogenic potential. Moreover, it increased the proportion of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle and p27 levels, while reduced phospho-Erk and cyclin A levels. Through microarray analysis, we identified genes involved in cell growth and proliferation that are specifically deregulated as a consequence of Id-1B overexpression, including IGF2, BMP4, Id2, GATA3, EREG and AREG. Id-1B overexpressing cells that were treated with 4Gy irradiation dose were significantly less resistant to cell death. In vivo assays demonstrated that tumors with high Id-1B levels exhibited less growth (p< 0.01), metabolic activity (glucose uptake) and angiogenesis (p< 0.05) compared to tumors with low Id-1B expression; mice survival was significantly extended (p< 0.05). Quantification by qRT-PCR revealed that expression of Id-1B was significantly lower (p< 0.01) in human lung tumors compared to their matched nonmalignant counterparts. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that Id-1B decreases the malignancy of lung and prostate cancer cells, sensitizes them to radiotherapy-induced cell death, and counteracts the pro-tumorigenic role of the classical form of Id-1.