Our researchers

Raquel Martín Lanas

Most recent scientific publications (since 2010)

Authors: de la Fuente Arias, Jesús (Autor de correspondencia); Lahortiga Ramos, Francisca; Laspra Solis, Carmen; et al.
ISSN 1660-4601  Vol. 17  Nº 6  2020  pp. 2106
Achievement emotions that the university student experiences in the learning process can be significant in facilitating or interfering with learning. The present research looked for linear and predictive relations between university students¿ achievement emotions, coping strategies, and engagement-burnout, in three dierent learning situations (classroom, study time, and testing). Hypotheses were identified for a possible model that would analyze the two facets of perfectionism based on these relations. In the case of perfectionistic strivings, the test hypothesis was that positive emotions would predispose the use of problem-focused coping strategies and an emotional state of engagement; in the case of perfectionistic concerns, however, negative emotions would predispose the use of emotion-focused strategies and a state of burnout. A total of 654 university students participated in the study, using an online tool to complete validated questionnaires on the three study variables. All students provided informed consent and corresponding permissions. Given the ex-post facto linear design, the predictions could be verified for each situation by means of logistic regression analyses and Structural Equations Models (SEM). Empirical results lent support, in varying degree, to the proposed theoretical relations. The testing situation was of particular interest. We discuss implications for perfectionism research and for the practice of prevention, education and health care in the university setting.
Authors: Portillo, M. C., (Autor de correspondencia); Ambrosio Gutierrez, Leire; Martín Lanas, Raquel; et al.
ISSN 2054-1058  Vol. 6  Nº 3  2019  pp. 1262 - 1268
Aim To report the cross-cultural adaptation and pilot study of the ongoing validation of the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale with carers of people with Parkinson's disease. Design Cross-cultural adaptation and pilot study with a cross-sectional validation design of the Spanish version of the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale - Carers. Methods Twenty-one carers of people with Parkinson's disease from a Primary Care practice in Spain were recruited and completed the PAIS-Carers, the SF-36 Health Survey, the Brief COPE Inventory and an assessment form. SPSS 23.0 was used to determine viability/acceptability and preliminary aspects of internal consistency of the instrument. Results Five of the seven domains presented floor effect (71.42%), and only one presented ceiling effect (14.28%). The internal consistency of the scale and domains showed acceptable values (over 0.7). The content validity of the Spanish version seemed satisfactory with positive comments in general from participants.
Authors: Laspra Solis, Carmen (Autor de correspondencia); Cano Prous, Adrián; Martín Lanas, Raquel; et al.
ISSN 0327-6716  Vol. 27  Nº 1  2018  pp. 83 - 90
Marital satisfaction and desire for change are closely related constructs, which are very important to measure couple dysfunction. The objective was to determine the eventual relationship between marital satisfaction and desire for change. A sample of 435 couples (166 functional and 264 dysfunctional) completed the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) and the Areas of Change Questionnaire (ACQ). Results showed that women wanted more changes than men did. The variables marital satisfaction, number of children, and length of marriage were found to predict desire for change. Both men and women have a different perception of their couple relationship and number of children and years of marriage influence their perception.
Authors: Navarta Sánchez, María Victoria; Ursua, M. E.; Riverol Fernández, Mario; et al.
ISSN 1471-2296  Vol. 19  Nº 45  2018 
Parkinson's disease progressively limits patients at different levels and as a result family members play a key role in their care. However, studies show lack of an integrative approach in Primary Care to respond to the difficulties and psychosocial changes experienced by them. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary psychoeducational intervention focusing on improving coping skills, the psychosocial adjustment to Parkinson's disease and the quality of life in patients and family carers in a Primary Care setting. Methods: This quasi-experimental study with control group and mixed methods was designed to evaluate a multidisciplinary psychoeducational intervention. Based on the study power calculations, 100 people with Parkinson's disease and 100 family carers will be recruited and assigned to two groups. The intervention group will receive the ReNACE psychoeducational intervention. The control group will be given a general educational programme. The study will be carried out in six community-based health centres. The results obtained from the two groups will be collected for evaluation at three time points: at baseline, immediately after the intervention and at 6 months post-intervention. The results will be measured with these instruments: the Quality of Life Scale PDQ-39 for patients and the Scale of Quality of Life of Care-givers SQLC for family carers, and for all participants the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness scale and the Brief COPE Inventory. Focus groups will be organised with some patients and family carers who will have received the ReNACE psychoeducational intervention and also with the healthcare professionals involved in its development. Discussion: An important gap exists in the knowledge and application of interventions with a psychosocial approach for people with PD and family carers as a whole. This study will promote this comprehensive approach in Primary Care, which will clearly contribute in the existing knowledge and could reduce the burden of PD for patients and family carers, and also in other long-term conditions.
Authors: Acero, A. R.; Cano Prous, Adrián; Castellanos, G.; et al.
ISSN 0046-2772  Vol. 47  Nº 5  2017  pp. 611 - 627
There is a growing amount of research showing that a shared social identity and the sense of belonging to a family have a potential effect on health. However, little is known about the effects of severe mental illness on family identity. The authors carried out this thematic synthesis based on a systematic review of literature on family narratives of severe mental illness and family identity. The main findings indicate that in many families (i) their identity¿as a shared social identity¿undergoes a transformation process by which the identity aspects of being a family are reinforced; (ii) family members often take on a caring role as their main family role; and finally, (iii) a cultural component shapes this transformation process. The authors describe implications for research and application in the mental health field. All in all, family identity is transformed by the experience of severe mental illness
Authors: Alustiza Quintana, Irene Lucila; Radua, J.; Pla, M.; et al.
ISSN 0920-9964  Vol. 188  2017  pp. 21 - 32
Schizophrenia (SZ) and Bipolar Disorder (BD) are associated with deficits in both timing and cognitive control functions. However, the underlying neurological dysfunctions remain poorly understood. The main goal of this study was to identify brain structures activated both by increases in cognitive activity and during timing tasks in patients with SZ and BD relative to controls. We conducted two signed differential mapping (SDM) meta-analyses of functional magnetic resonance imaging studies assessing the brain response to increasing levels of cognitive difficulty: one concerned SZ, and the other BD patients. We conducted a similar SDM meta-analysis on neuroimaging of timing in SZ (no studies in BD could be included). Finally, we carried out a multimodal meta-analysis to identify common brain regions in the findings of the two previous meta-analyses. We found that SZ patients showed hypoactivation in timing-related cortical-subcortical areas. The dysfunction observed during timing partially coincided with deficits for cognitive control functions. We hypothesize that a dysfunctional temporal/cognitive control network underlies the persistent cognitive impairment observed in SZ.
Authors: Vallejo Valdivielso, María; Díez Suárez, Azucena; de Castro Manglano, María Pilar; et al.
ISSN 0924-977X  Vol. 26  Nº Supl.2  2016  pp. S744 - S745
Authors: Cano Prous, Adrián; Martín Lanas, Raquel; Moya Querejeta, Jaime; et al.
ISSN 1697-2600  Vol. 14  Nº 2  2014  pp. 137-144
Authors: Cano Prous, Adrián; Moya Querejeta, Jaime; Alonso Gutiérrez, Álvaro; et al.
ISSN 1139-9287  Vol. 41  Nº 6  2013  pp. 340 - 348
Introducción: La literatura sugiere que existen factores que explican la asociación entre insatisfacción conyugal y Depresión Mayor. Analizamos si la personalidad actúa como factor determinante en la asociación entre insatisfacción conyugal y la aparición de un Primer Episodio de Depresión Mayor (PEDM). Además, estudiamos si hay factores de personalidad específicos que se relacionen con la insatisfacción conyugal en función de la evolución del PEDM. Metodología: Administramos la Escala de Hamilton para la Depresión y la Escala de Ajuste Diádico en el momento del diagnóstico del trastorno depresivo (T1) y seis meses más tarde (T2), en seis centros ambulatorios. Participaron 59 matrimonios con un cónyuge diagnosticado de PEDM y otro cónyuge sano. Además, los pacientes deprimidos completaron el Inventario de Personalidad NEO-PIR. Resultados: Hay factores de personalidad que median entre el PEDM y la insatisfacción conyugal. El "neuroticismo" media tanto en T1 como en T2. Sin embargo, la relación entre los factores de personalidad y la insatisfacción conyugal depende de la evolución del episodio. Si éste ha remitido en T2, la personalidad puede no asociarse con la interacción conyugal, pero si persiste, la "apertura" y la "responsabilidad" se asocian con menor insatisfacción conyugal. Conclusiones: El "neuroticismo" es el factor de personalidad más importante como mediador entre insatisfacción conyugal y la evolución de un PEDM.
Authors: Cano Prous, Adrián; Martín Lanas, Raquel
Authors: Ortuño Sánchez-Pedreño, Felipe; Martín Lanas, Raquel (Coordinador)