Effect of TNF-Alpha on Caveolin-1 expression and insulin signaling during adipocyte differentiation and in mature adipocytes

Autores: Palacios Ortega, Sara; Varela Guruceaga, Maider; Algarabel, M.; Milagro Yoldi, Fermín Ignacio; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; de Miguel Vázquez, Carlos
ISSN: 1015-8987
Volumen: 36
Número: 4
Páginas: 1499 - 1516
Fecha de publicación: 2015
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tumor necrosis factor-¿ (TNF-¿)-mediated chronic low-grade inflammation of adipose tissue is associated with obesity and insulin resistance. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is the central component of adipocyte caveolae and has an essential role in the regulation of insulin signaling. The effects of TNF-¿ on Cav-1 expression and insulin signaling during adipocyte differentiation and in mature adipocytes were studied. METHODS: 3T3-L1 cells were differentiated (21 days) in the presence TNF-¿ (10 ng/mL) and mature adipocytes were also treated with TNF-¿ for 48 hours. Cav-1 and insulin receptor (IR) gene methylation were determined as well as Cav-1, IR, PKB/AKT-2 and Glut-4 expression and activation by real time RT-PCR and western blot. Baseline and insulin-induced glucose uptake was measured by the 2-[C14]-deoxyglucose uptake assay. RESULTS: TNF-¿ slowed down the differentiation program, hindering the expression of some insulin signaling intermediates without fully eliminating insulin-mediated glucose uptake. In mature adipocytes, TNF-¿ did not compromise lipid-storage capacity, but downregulated the expression of the insulin signaling intermediates, totally blocking insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Insulin sensitivity correlated with the level of activated phospho-Cav-1 in both situations, strongly suggesting the direct contribution of Cav-1 to the maintenance of this physiological response. CONCLUSION: Cav-1 activation by phosphorylation seems to be essential for the maintenance of an active and insulin-sensitive glucose uptake.