ARTÍCULO

Gene-gene interplay and Gene-diet interactions involving the MTNR1B rs10830963 variant with body weight loss

Autores: Goñi Mateos, Leticia; Cuervo Zapatel, Marta; Milagro Yoldi, Fermín Ignacio; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF NUTRIGENETICS AND NUTRIGENOMICS
ISSN: 1661-6499
Volumen: 7
Número: 4-6
Páginas: 232 - 242
Fecha de publicación: 2014
Resumen:
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Investigation of the genetic makeup may facilitate the implementation of more personalized nutritional interventions. The aims were to examine whether the rs10830963 MTNR1B polymorphism affects weight loss in response to a hypocaloric diet and to find potential gene-gene interplays and gene-diet interactions. METHODS: 167 subjects enrolled in a personalized nutritional intervention for weight loss (3-6 weeks) were examined for anthropometric measurements, dietary habits and physical activity at baseline and at the first follow-up visit. Three polymorphisms, which have previously been associated with body weight regulation, rs10830963 (MTNR1B), rs9939609 (FTO) and rs17782313 (MC4R), were analyzed using the Luminex® 100/200¿ System. RESULTS: After adjusting for covariates, females with the rs10830963 CG/GG genotype showed lower weight loss than those with the CC genotype. In the total population, carriers of variant alleles of both FTO and MC4R showed a significant association with MTNR1B and weight loss outcome. Moreover, among women, higher total protein and animal protein intakes were associated with a lower weight loss in G allele carriers of the MTNR1B variant. CONCLUSIONS: Our data evidenced that rs10830963 MTNR1B polymorphism could be associated with individual differences in weight loss induced by a hypocaloric diet. This association was influenced by FTO and MC4R loci and modified by baseline protein intake.