ARTÍCULO

Short- and long-term physiological responses of grapevine leaves to UV-B radiation

Autores: Martínez Lüscher, Johann; Morales Iribas, Fermín; Delrot, S.; Sánchez Díaz, Manuel; Gomés, E.; Aguirreolea Morales, Jone; Pascual Elizalde, Inmaculada
Título de la revista: PLANT SCIENCE
ISSN: 0168-9452
Volumen: 213
Páginas: 114 - 122
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Resumen:
The present study aimed at evaluating the short- and long-term effects of UV-B radiation on leaves of grapevine Vitis vinifera (cv. Tempranillo). Grapevine fruit-bearing cuttings were exposed to two doses of supplemental biologically effective UV-B radiation (UV-BBE) under glasshouse-controlled conditions: 5.98 and 9.66 kJ m(-2) d(-1). The treatments were applied either for 20 d (from mid-veraison to ripeness) or 75 d (from fruit set to ripeness). A 0 kJ m(-2) d(-1) UV-B treatment was included as control. The main effects of UV-B were observed after the short-term exposure (20 d) to 9.66 kJ m(-2) d(-1). Significant decreases in net photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, sub-stomatal CO2 concentration, the actual photosystem II (PSII) efficiency, total soluble proteins and de-epoxidation state of the VAZ cycle were observed, whereas the activities of several antioxidant enzymes increased significantly. UV-B did not markedly affect dark respiration, photorespiration, the maximum potential PSII efficiency (Fv/Fm), non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), as well as the intrinsic PSI! efficiency. However, after 75 d of exposure to 5.98 and 9.66 kJ m(-2) d(-1) UV-B most photosynthetic and biochemical variables were unaffected and there were no sign of oxidative damage in leaves. The results suggest a high long-term acclimation capacity of grapevine to high UV-B levels, associated with a high accumulation of UV-B absorbing compounds in leaves, whereas plants seemed to be tolerant to moderate doses of UV-B.