Harvest index, a parameter conditioning responsiveness of wheat plants to elevated CO2

Autores: Aranjuelo, I.; Sanz-Sáez, A.; Jáuregui, I.; Irigoyen Iparrea, Juan José; Araus, J. L.; Sánchez Díaz, Manuel; Erice, G.
ISSN: 0022-0957
Volumen: 64
Número: 7
Páginas: 1879 - 1892
Fecha de publicación: 2013
The expansion of the worlds population requires the development of high production agriculture. For this purpose, it is essential to identify target points conditioning crop responsiveness to predicted [CO2]. The aim of this study was to determine the relevance of ear sink strength in leaf protein and metabolomic profiles and its implications in photosynthetic activity and yield of durum wheat plants exposed to elevated [CO2]. For this purpose, a genotype with high harvest index (HI) (Triticum durum var. Sula) and another with low HI (Triticum durum var. Blanqueta) were exposed to elevated [CO2] (700 mol mol(1) versus 400 mol mol(1) CO2) in CO2 greenhouses. The obtained data highlighted that elevated [CO2] only increased plant growth in the genotype with the largest HI; Sula. Gas exchange analyses revealed that although exposure to 700 mol mol(1) depleted Rubisco content, Sula was capable of increasing the light-saturated rate of CO2 assimilation (A(sat)) whereas, in Blanqueta, the carbohydrate imbalance induced the down-regulation of A(sat). The specific depletion of Rubisco in both genotypes under elevated [CO2], together with the enhancement of other proteins in the Calvin cycle, revealed that there was a redistribution of N from Rubisco towards RuBP regeneration. Moreover, the down-regulation of N, NO3, amino acid, and organic acid content, together with the depletion of proteins involved in amino acid synthesis that was detected in Blanqueta grown at 700 mol mol(1) CO2, revealed that inhibition of N assimilation was involved in the carbohydrate imbalance and consequently with the down-regulation of photosynthesis and growth in these plants.