ARTÍCULO

Aberrant DNA methylation profile of chronic and transformed classic Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms

Autores: Perez, C.; Martín-Subero, J. I.; Bellosillo, B.; Segura Ruiz, Victoriano; Delabesse, E.; Alvarez, S.; Larráyoz Ilundáin, María José; Rifón Roca, José Juan; Cigudosa, J. C.; Besses, C.; Calasanz Abinzano, María José; Cross, N. C.; Prósper Cardoso, Felipe Luis; Aguirre Ena, Xabier
Título de la revista: HAEMATOLOGICA-THE HEMATOLOGY JOURNAL
ISSN: 0390-6078
Volumen: 98
Número: 9
Páginas: 1414 - 1420
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Resumen:
Most DNA methylation studies in classic Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms have been performed on a gene-by-gene basis. Therefore, a more comprehensive methylation profiling is needed to study the implications of this epigenetic marker in myeloproliferative neoplasms. Here, we have analyzed 71 chronic (24 polycythemia vera, 23 essential thrombocythemia and 24 primary myelofibrosis) and 13 transformed myeloproliferative neoplasms using genome-wide DNA methylation arrays. The three types of chronic Philadelphia-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms showed a similar aberrant DNA methylation pattern when compared to control samples. Differentially methylated regions were enriched in a gene network centered on the NF-¿B pathway, indicating that they may be involved in the pathogenesis of these diseases. In the case of transformed myeloproliferative neoplasms, we detected an increased number of differentially methylated regions with respect to chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. Interestingly, these genes were enriched in a list of differentially methylated regions in primary acute myeloid leukemia and in a gene network centered around the IFN pathway. Our results suggest that alterations in the DNA methylation landscape play an important role in the pathogenesis and leukemic transformation of myeloproliferative neoplasms. The therapeutic modulation of epigenetically-deregulated pathways may allow us to design targeted therapies for these patients.