Vascular endothelial growth factor-delivery systems for cardiac repair: an overview

Autores: Simón Yarza, María Teresa; Rocha Formiga, Fabio; Tamayo Revuelta, Esther; Pelacho Samper, Beatriz; Prósper Cardoso, Felipe Luis; Blanco Prieto, María José
Título de la revista: THERANOSTICS
ISSN: 1838-7640
Volumen: 2
Número: 6
Páginas: 541 - 552
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Since the discovery of the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and its leading role in the angiogenic process, this has been seen as a promising molecule for promoting neovascularization in the infarcted heart. However, even though several clinical trials were initiated, no therapeutic effects were observed, due in part to the short half life of this factor when administered directly to the tissue. In this context, drug delivery systems appear to offer a promising strategy to overcome limitations in clinical trials of VEGF.The aim of this paper is to review the principal drug delivery systems that have been developed to administer VEGF in cardiovascular disease. Studies published in the last 5 years are reviewed and the main features of these systems are explained. The tissue engineering concept is introduced as a therapeutic alternative that holds promise for the near future.