ARTÍCULO

Techniques of DNA methylation analysis with nutritional applications

Autores: Mansego Talavera, María Luisa; Milagro Yoldi, Fermín Ignacio; Campión Zabalza, Francisco Javier; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF NUTRIGENETICS AND NUTRIGENOMICS
ISSN: 1661-6499
Volumen: 6
Número: 2
Páginas: 83 - 96
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Resumen:
Epigenetic mechanisms are likely to play an important role in the regulation of metabolism and body weight through gene-nutrient interactions. This review focuses on methods for analyzing one of the most important epigenetic mechanisms, DNA methylation, from single nucleotide to global measurement depending on the study goal and scope. In addition, this study highlights the major principles and methods for DNA methylation analysis with emphasis on nutritional applications. Recent developments concerning epigenetic technologies are showing promising results of DNA methylation levels at a single-base resolution and provide the ability to differentiate between 5-methylcytosine and other nucleotide modifications such as 5-hydroxymethylcytosine. A large number of methods can be used for the analysis of DNA methylation such as pyrosequencing (TM), primer extension or real-time PCR methods, and genome-wide DNA methylation profile from microarray or sequencing-based methods. Researchers should conduct a preliminary analysis focused on the type of validation and information provided by each technique in order to select the best method fitting for their nutritional research interests.