ARTÍCULO

Solidification/stabilization of toxic metals in calcium aluminate cement matrices

Autores: Navarro Blasco, Íñigo; Durán Benito, Adrián; Sirera Bejarano, Rafael; Fernández Álvarez, José María; Álvarez Galindo, José Ignacio
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
ISSN: 0304-3894
Volumen: 260
Páginas: 89-103
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Resumen:
The ability of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) to encapsulate toxic metals (Pb, Zn and Cu) was assessed under two curing conditions. Changes in the consistency and in the setting time were found upon the addition of the nitrates of the target metals. Both Pb and Cu caused a delay in CAC hydration, while Zn accelerated the stiffening of the mortar. Compressive strengths of the metal-doped mortars, when initially cured at 60ºC / 100%RH, were comparable with that of the free-metal mortar. Three different pore size distribution patterns were identified and related to the compounds identified by XRD and SEM. Sorbent capacities of CAC for the toxic metals were excellent: a total uptake was achieved for up to 3 wt.% loading of the three metals. In this way, CAC mortars were perfectly able to encapsulate the toxic metals, allowing the use of CAC for waste management as proved by the leaching tests.