Efficiency of a new strategy involving a newclass of natural hetero-ligand iron(III) chelates(Fe(III)-NHL) to improve fruit tree growth in alkaline/calcareous soils

Autores: Fuentes Ramírez, Marta; Fortuno, M.; Perez-Sarmiento, F.; Bacaicoa, E.; Baigorri Ekisoain, Roberto Pedro; Conejero, W.; Torrecillas, A.; García-Mina Freire, José María
ISSN: 0022-5142
Volumen: 92
Número: 15
Páginas: 3065 - 3071
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Lugar: WOS
BACKGROUND: Iron (Fe) chlorosis is a serious problem affecting the yield and quality of numerous crops and fruit trees cultivated in alkaline/calcareous soils. This paper describes the efficiency of a new class of natural hetero-ligand Fe(III) chelates (Fe-NHL) to provide available Fe for chlorotic lemon trees grown in alkaline/calcareous soils. These chelates involve the participation in the reaction system of a partially humified lignin-based natural polymer and citric acid. RESULTS: First results showed that Fe-NHL was adsorbed on the soil matrix while maintaining available Fe for plants in alkaline/calcareous solution. The effects of using three different sources as Fe fertilisers were also compared: two Fe-NHL formulations (NHL1, containing 100% of Fe as Fe-NHL, and NHL2, containing 80% of Fe as Fe-NHL and 20% of Fe as Fe-ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis-(o-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (Fe-EDDHA)) and Fe-EDDHA. Both Fe-NHL formulations increased fruit yield without negative effects on fruit quality in comparison with Fe-EDDHA. In the absence of the Fe-starter fraction (NHL1), trees seemed to optimise Fe assimilation and translocation from Fe-NHL, directing it to those parts of the plant more involved in development. CONCLUSION: The field assays confirmed that Fe-NHL-based fertilisers are able to provide Fe to chlorotic trees, with results comparable to Fe-EDDHA. Besides, this would imply a more sustainable and less expensive remediation than synthetic chelates. Copyright (c) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry