Reduction of Sodium and Increment of Calcium and Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Dry Fermented Sausages: Effects on the Mineral Content, Lipid Profile and Sensory Quality

Autores: García Íñiguez de Ciriano, Mikel; Berasategi Zabalza, Izaskun; Navarro Blasco, Íñigo; Astiasarán Anchía, María Icíar; Ansorena Artieda, Diana María
ISSN: 0022-5142
Volumen: 93
Número: 4
Páginas: 876-881
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Lugar: WOS
BACKGROUND: A combined technological approach was applied in the development of healthier dry fermented sausages: a partial substitution of the pork back fat by pre-emulsified linseed oil and a partial replacement of sodium chloride with calcium ascorbate at two different levels, leading to low amounts of salt (14gSalt and 10gSalt, with 14 g and 10 g NaCl per kg of mixture, respectively). RESULTS: The developed products (14gSalt and 10gSalt) showed adequate results for aw (0.85 and 0.87) and pH (4.98 and 5.21), and low lipid oxidation values (1.4 x 104 and 1.5 x 105 g malondialdehyde (MDA) kg1). The lipid modification led to a significantly higher supply of -3 (23.3 g kg1) compared to the control (3.2 g kg1). Simultaneously, reductions of 38% and 50% in sodium content and a calcium supply of 4 and 5.2 g kg1 were achieved in the 14gSalt and 10gSalt formulations, respectively, compared to the control products (26 g salt and 0.87 g kg1 Ca). Instrumental analysis of colour and texture and sensory studies demonstrated that the organoleptic quality of the new formulations was similar to that of traditional products. CONCLUSIONS: The developed dry fermented sausages showed healthier properties than traditional ones owing to their reduced sodium and higher calcium content and a significant supply of -3 fatty acids. (c) 2012 Society of Chemical Industry