ARTÍCULO

Dietary Supplementation With Methyl Donors Reduces Fatty Liver and Modifies the Fatty Acid Synthase Dna Methylation Profile in Rats Fed an Obesogenic Diet

Autores: Cordero Sánchez, Paul; Gómez Úriz, Ana; Campión Zabalza, Francisco Javier; Milagro Yoldi, Fermín Ignacio; Martínez Hernández, Alfredo
Título de la revista: GENES AND NUTRITION
ISSN: 1555-8932
Volumen: 8
Número: 1
Páginas: 105-113
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the first hepatic manifestations of metabolic syndrome, whose progression can lead to cirrhosis and hepatic carcinoma. Interestingly, methyl donor supplementation could improve obesogenic diet-induced hepatic triglyceride accumulation. The aim of this research is to describe methyl donor effects on a high-fat-sucrose (HFS) diet in both sexes and epigenetic changes induced on fatty acid synthase (FASN) promoter methylation pattern as well as gene expression of NAFLD key metabolic genes. Twenty-four male and 28 female Wistar rats were assigned to three dietary groups: control, HFS, and HFS supplemented with methyl donors (choline, betaine, vitamin B12, and folic acid). After 8 weeks of treatment, somatic, biochemical, mRNA, and epigenetic measurements were performed. Rats fed the HFS diet presented an overweight phenotype and alterations in plasma biochemical measurements. Methyl donor supplementation reverted the HFS-diet-induced hepatic triglyceride accumulation. Analysis of FASN promoter cytosine methylation showed changes in both sexes due to the obesogenic diet at -1,096, -780, -778, and -774 CpG sites with respect to the transcriptional start site. Methyl donor supplementation modified DNA methylation at -852, -833, -829, -743, and -733 CpGs depending on the sex. RT-PCR analysis confirmed that FASN expression tended to be altered in males. Our findings reinforce the hypothesis that methyl donor supplementation can prevent hepatic triglyceride accumulation induced by obesogenic diets in both sexes. Changes in liver gene expression profile and epigenetic-mediated mechanisms related to FASN DNA hypermethylation could be involved in methyl donor-induced NAFLD improvement.