Detalle Publicación

Consequences of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition on adeno-associated virus hepatic transduction efficacy

Título de la revista: HUMAN GENE THERAPY
ISSN: 1043-0342
Volumen: 32
Número: 19 - 20
Páginas: 1242 - 1250
Fecha de publicación: 2021
The efficiency of recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors transducing host cells is very low, limiting their therapeutic potential in patients. There are several cellular pathways interacting and interfering with the journey of the AAV from the cell surface to the nucleus, opening the possibility to enhance AAV transduction by modifying these interactions. In this study, we explored the results of AAV hepatic transduction when different mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, rapamycin, MLN0128, RapaLink-1, were used in preconditioned juvenile and adult mice. We confirmed rapamycin as an AAV hepatic transduction enhancer in juvenile and adult mice; however, RapaLink-1, a stronger mTOR inhibitor and a clear hepatic autophagy inducer, had no positive effect. Moreover, MLN0128 reduced AAV hepatic transduction. Therefore, our results show a complex interaction between the mTOR pathway and AAV-mediated hepatic transduction and indicate that mTOR inhibition is not a straightforward strategy for improving AAV transduction. More studies are necessary to elucidate the molecular mechanisms involved in the positive and negative effects of mTOR inhibitors on AAV transduction efficiency.</p>