In a period marked by scarcity and economic difficulties, Spain opted for the realization of a large health plan that would affect every Spanish geography, called the Health Facilities Plan. Promoted by the Government of the time, the construction of a health network based on the construction of hospitals and clinics was proposed, in the image and likeness of the modernity of American buildings. More than a hundred large hospital complexes were built quickly, but at the same time was insufficient. In less than a decade, about thirty new hospitals and clinics were already part of the urban complex of Spanish cities. The development of the plan lasted four decades, which was marked by instability in the execution of the projects, and by the technical, economic and political effort involved.