Detalle Publicación

Trichostatin A affects developmental reprogramming of bread wheat microspores towards an embryogenic route
Autores: Castillo, A. M.; Valero-Rubira, I.; Burrell Bustos, María Ángela; Allue, S.; Costar, M. A.; Valles, M. P. (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: PLANTS
ISSN: 2223-7747
Volumen: 9
Número: 11
Páginas: 1442
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Lugar: WOS
Microspores can be developmentally reprogrammed by the application of different stress treatments to initiate an embryogenic pathway leading to the production of doubled haploid (DH) plants. Epigenetic modifications are involved in cell reprogramming and totipotency in response to stress. To increase microspore embryogenesis (ME) efficiency in bread wheat, the effect of the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has been examined in two cultivars of wheat with different microspore embryogenesis response. Diverse strategies were assayed using 0-0.4 mu M TSA as a single induction treatment and after or simultaneously with cold or mannitol stresses. The highest efficiency was achieved when 0.4 mu M TSA was applied to anthers for 5 days simultaneously with a 0.7 M mannitol treatment, producing a four times greater number of green DH plants than mannitol. Ultrastructural studies by transmission electron microscopy indicated that mannitol with TSA and mannitol treatments induced similar morphological changes in early stages of microspore reprogramming, although TSA increased the number of microspores with 'star-like' morphology and symmetric divisions. The effect of TSA on the transcript level of four ME marker genes indicated that the early signaling pathways in ME, involving the TaTDP1 and TAA1b genes, may be mediated by changes in acetylation patterns of histones and/or other proteins.