Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
Idecabtagene vicleucel in relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma
Autores: Munshi, N. C. (Autor de correspondencia); Anderson, L. D. ; Shah, N.; Madduri, D.; Berdeja, J.; Lonial, S.; Raje, N.; Lin, Y.; Siegel, D.; Oriol, A.; Moreau, P.; Yakoub Agha, I.; Delforge, M.; Cavo, M.; Einsele, H.; Goldschmidt, H.; Weisel, K.; Rambaldi, A.; Reece, D.; Petrocca, F.; Massaro, M.; Connarn, J. N.; Kaiser, S.; Patel, P.; Huang, L; Campbell, T. B.; Hege, K.; San Miguel Izquierdo, Jesús
Título de la revista: NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
ISSN: 0028-4793
Volumen: 384
Número: 8
Páginas: 705 - 716
Fecha de publicación: 2021
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
BACKGROUND Idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel, also called bb2121), a B-cell maturation antigendirected chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, has shown clinical activity with expected CAR T-cell toxic effects in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. METHODS In this phase 2 study, we sought to confirm the efficacy and safety of ide-cel in patients with relapsed and refractory myeloma. Patients with disease after at least three previous regimens including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulating agent, and an anti-CD38 antibody were enrolled. Patients received ide-cel target doses of 150 x 10(6) to 450 x 10(6) CAR-positive (CAR+) T cells. The primary end point was an overall response (partial response or better); a key secondary end point was a complete response or better (comprising complete and stringent complete responses). RESULTS Of 140 patients enrolled, 128 received ide-cel. At a median follow-up of 13.3 months, 94 of 128 patients (73%) had a response, and 42 of 128 (33%) had a complete response or better. Minimal residual disease (MRD)-negative status (<10(-5) nucleated cells) was confirmed in 33 patients, representing 26% of all 128 patients who were treated and 79% of the 42 patients who had a complete response or better. The median progression-free survival was 8.8 months (95% confidence interval, 5.6 to 11.6). Common toxic effects among the 128 treated patients included neutropenia in 117 patients (91%), anemia in 89 (70%), and thrombocytopenia in 81 (63%). Cytokine release syndrome was reported in 107 patients (84%), including 7 (5%) who had events of grade 3 or higher. Neurotoxic effects developed in 23 patients (18%) and were of grade 3 in 4 patients (3%); no neurotoxic effects higher than grade 3 occurred. Cellular kinetic analysis confirmed CAR+ T cells in 29 of 49 patients (59%) at 6 months and 4 of 11 patients (36%) at 12 months after infusion. CONCLUSIONS Ide-cel induced responses in a majority of heavily pretreated patients with refractory and relapsed myeloma; MRD-negative status was achieved in 26% of treated patients. Almost all patients had grade 3 or 4 toxic effects, most commonly hematologic toxic effects and cytokine release syndrome.