Solid lipid nanoparticles as a novel formulation approach for tanespimycin (17-AAG) against leishmania infections: Preparation, characterization and macrophage uptake
Pires, V. C. ; Magalhaes, C. P. ; Ferrante, M.; Reboucas, J. D.; Nguewa, Paul
; Severino, P.; Barral, A. ; Veras, P. S. T. ; Formiga, F. R. (Autor de correspondencia)
17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG, tanespimycin) is an inhibitor of heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), which has been studied in the treatment of cancer such as leukemia or solid tumors. Alternatively, 17-AAG may represent a promising therapeutic agent against leishmaniasis. However, the delivery of 17-AAG is difficult due to its poor aqueous solubility. For exploring the therapeutic value of 17-AAG, we developed solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) by double emulsion method. SLN exhibited similar to 100 nm, PDI < 0.2 and zeta potential similar to 20 mV. In addition, SLN were morphologically spherical with negligible aggregation. The entrapment efficiency of 17-AAG into the lipid matrix reached at nearly 80%. In a separate set of experiments, fluorescent SLN (FITC-labeled) showed a remarkable macrophage uptake, peaking within 2 h of incubation by confocal microscopy. Regarding the drug internalization as critical step for elimination of intracellular Leishmania, this finding demonstrates an important feature of the developed SLN. Collectively, these data indicate the feasibility of developing SLN as potential delivery systems for 17-AAG in leishmaniasis chemotherapy.