Comparison of efficacy from two different dosing regimens of bortezomib: an exposure-response analysis
Parasrampuria, D. A.; He, J. M.; Zhang, L. P.; Muresan, B.; Hu, P. T. ; Nemat, S.; Hashim, M.; Lam, A.; Appiani, C.; Cavo, M.; Dimopoulos, M. A.; San Miguel Izquierdo, Jesús
; Mateos, M. V.
Bortezomib is a first-in-class proteasome inhibitor, approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma. The originally approved dosing schedule of bortezomib results in significant toxicities that require dose interruptions and discontinuations. Consequentially, less frequent dosing has been explored to optimise bortezomib's benefit-risk profile. Here, we performed exposure-response analysis to compare the efficacy of the original bortezomib dosing regimen with less frequent dosing of bortezomib over nine 6-week treatment cycles using data from the VISTA clinical trial and the control arm of the ALCYONE clinical trial. The relationship between cumulative bortezomib dose and clinical response was evaluated with a univariate logit model. The median cumulative bortezomib dose was higher in ALCYONE versus VISTA (42 center dot 2 vs. 38 center dot 5 mg/m(2)) and ALCYONE patients stayed on treatment longer (mean: 7 center dot 2 vs. 5 center dot 8 cycles). For all endpoints and regimens, probability of clinical response correlated with cumulative bortezomib dose. Similar to results observed for VISTA, overall survival was longer in ALCYONE patients with >= 39 center dot 0 versus < 39 center dot 0 mg/m(2) cumulative dose (hazard ratio, 0 center dot 119; P < 0 center dot 0001). Less frequent bortezomib dosing results in comparable efficacy, and a higher cumulative dose than the originally approved bortezomib dosing schedule, which may be in part be due to reduced toxicity and fewer dose reductions/interruptions.