Detalle Publicación

On the importance of spiral-flow inflow boundary conditions when using idealized artery geometries in the analysis of liver radioembolization: a parametric study

ISSN: 2040-7939
Volumen: 36
Número: 6
Páginas: e3337
Fecha de publicación: 2020
In the last decades, the numerical studies on hemodynamics have become a valuable explorative scientific tool. The very first studies were done over idealized geometries, but as numerical methods and the power of computers have become more affordable, the studies tend to be patient specific. We apply the study to the numerical analysis of tumor-targeting during liver radioembolization (RE). RE is a treatment for liver cancer, and is performed by injecting radiolabeled microspheres via a catheter placed in the hepatic artery. The objective of the procedure is to maximize the release of radiolabeled microspheres into the tumor and avoid a healthy tissue damage. Idealized virtual arteries can serve as a generalist approach that permits to separately analyze the effect of a variable in the microsphere distribution with respect to others. However, it is important to use proper physiological boundary conditions (BCs). It is not obvious, the need to account for the effect of tortuosity when using an idealized virtual artery. We study the use of idealized geometry of a hepatic artery as a valid research tool, exploring the importance of using realistic spiral-flow inflow BC. By using a literature-based cancer scenario, we vary two parameters to analyze the microsphere distribution through the outlets of the geometry. The parameters varied are the type of microspheres injected and the microsphere injection velocity. The results with realistic inlet velocity profile showed that the par