ARTÍCULO

Influence of lifestyle factors and staple foods from the Mediterranean diet on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease among older individuals with metabolic syndrome features

Autores: Bullon Vela, Maria Vanessa; Abete Goñi, Itziar; Tur, J. A.; Pinto, X. ; Corbella, E.; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel; Toledo Atucha, Estefanía; Corella, D.; Macías, M. ; Tinahones, F. ; Fito, M. ; Estruch, R. ; Ros, E. ; Salas-Salvado, J.; Daimiel, L.; Zulet Alzórriz, María de los Ángeles (Autor de correspondencia); Martínez Hernández, Alfredo; PREDIMED Plus investigators
Título de la revista: NUTRITION
ISSN: 0899-9007
Volumen: 71
Páginas: 110620
Fecha de publicación: 2020
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver morbidity. This condition often is accompanied by obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the connection between lifestyle factors and NAFLD in individuals with MetS. Methods: A cross-sectional study with 328 participants (55-75 y of age) diagnosed with MetS participating in the PREDIMED-Plus trial was conducted. NAFLD status was evaluated using the non-invasive hepatic steatosis index (HSI). Sociodemographic, clinical, and dietary data were collected. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (mainly assessed by the consumption of olive oil, nuts, legumes, whole grain foods, fish, vegetables, fruits, and red wine) and physical activity were assessed using validated questionnaires. Results: Linear regression analyses revealed that HSI values tended to be lower with increasing physical activity tertiles (T2, ß = -1.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], -2.73 to -0.20; T3, ß = -1.93; 95% CI, -3.22 to -0.65 versus T1, Ptrend = 0.001) and adherence to the Mediterranean diet was inversely associated with HSI values: (moderate adherence ß = -0.70; 95% CI, -1.92 to 0.53; high adherence ß = -1.57; 95% CI, -3.01 to -0.13 versus lower, Ptrend = 0.041). Higher tertiles of legume consumption were inversely associated with the highest tertile of HSI (T2, relative risk ratio [RRR], 0.45; 95% CI, 0.22-0.92; P = 0.028; T3, RRR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.24-0.97; P = 0.