Magnetic resonance imaging has become a fundamental tool for the evaluation of head and neck tumors. The anatomic details that magnetic resonance images provide are fundamental for diagnosing, characterizing, and staging both primary tumors and lymph node metastases. In addition to technical improvements in anatomic sequences, such as Dixon techniques to improve fat suppression, other sequences being developed, such as diffusion and perfusion, provide molecular, biological, and physiological information about the tumor and are yielding imaging biomarkers that can help in determining the tumor's biology at the time of diagnosis and in the follow-up of the disease. Magnetic resonance imaging also provides very useful information about the response to treatment. (C) 2019 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana, S.L.U. All rights reserved.