ARTÍCULO

Olive oil intake and risk of atrial fibrillation in the SUN cohort

Autores: Bazal, R.; Gea Sánchez, Alfredo; de la Fuente Arrillaga, María del Carmen; Barrio López, Teresa; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel; Ruiz-Canela, Miguel (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
ISSN: 0939-4753
Volumen: 29
Número: 5
Páginas: 450 - 457
Fecha de publicación: 2019
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A Mediterranean-type diet enriched with extra virgin olive oil has been associated with a reduction in the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a population at high cardiovascular risk. However, no study has replicated these findings. In our study, we analyzed the association between olive oil consumption and AF in the SUN project, a cohort with young Spanish adults at low cardiovascular risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: We included all participants without prevalent AF at baseline (18,118 participants). Incident AF cases were confirmed by a cardiologist following a prespecified protocol. We used multivariable repeated-measurement Cox models adjusted for possible confounders (sex, age, BMI, and several classic cardiovascular risk factors). After a mean follow-up of 10.1 years, 94 AF incident cases were confirmed. Comparing to the lowest category of consumption (<7.9 g/d), the multivariable models showed hazard ratios (IC 95%) of 1.52 (0.93-2.48) for low-to-moderate, 1.44 (0.83-2.47) for moderate-to-high and 1.27 (0.56-2.86) for high olive oil intake. In a subgroup analysis stratified by overweight, an inverse although non-significant association was found only among overweight participants when we compared the highest vs the lowest category of consumption (p for interaction = 0.043). CONCLUSION: No association between olive oil and AF was found in this low-risk cohort, although the effect of extra-virgin olive oil on AF prevention especially among people with overweight deserves further investigation.