Development and validation of a questionnaire in Spanish for evaluating Facebook use

Autores: Zarraluqui López, Silvia; Martínez Villar, Martín; Pastor, María A.
Título de la revista: CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN: 1046-1310
Páginas: 1 - 9
Fecha de publicación: 2019
This study presents a short and valid questionnaire for evaluating Facebook usage by the Spanish-speaking population. In order to achieve this aim, the Facebook scales developed by Ellison and collaborators (i.e., Facebook Intensity, Actual Friends, Connection Strategies, and Relationship Maintenance Behavior) were translated into Spanish and then grouped into a 31-item questionnaire: the Spanish Facebook Battery (SFB). Subsequently, the reliability and construct validity of the SFB was tested once administered to a sample of Spanish speakers (N=433) by means of an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) with iterated principal axis factoring and Promax rotation methods. The SFB showed high internal (¿=.89) and acceptable retest (¿=.65) reliability whereas the EFA indicated the retention of five dimensions that explained 89% of the total variance in this sample data. A main dimension related to Facebook Intensity was found to account for almost half of the total variance, whereas the other four dimensions were found to be associated with Online Connection Strategies, Relationship Maintenance Behaviors, Maintaining Connection Strategies, and Offline Connection Strategies. Therefore, the factor analysis returned a dimensional structure of the SFB that differed slightly from the original scales composition, stressing the difference between online and offline connection strategies in this population sample. In summary, this article proposes a short and valid tool which could be useful for assessing Facebook usage among Spanish-speakers.