ARTÍCULO

Between mu`tazilism and syncretism: a reappraisal of the behaviour of the caliphate of al-Ma'mun

Autores: Demichelis, Marco
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF NEAR EASTERN STUDIES
ISSN: 0022-2968
Volumen: 71
Número: 2
Páginas: 257 - 273
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Resumen:
The history of the ¿Abb¿sid Empire in the first half of the ninth century is associated with the al-Ma¿m¿n caliphate and the development of Mu¿tazilite theology. To better understand the complexity of the thinking underpinning this regime of twenty years¿ duration, it is necessary to address the topic using a wide-ranging approach. While the connection between the Mu¿tazilite theological school and the seventh ¿Abb¿sid caliph has to be accepted as one of the major aspects of this period, the relationship between these two eminent protagonists persists in showing some interpretive difficulties. This analysis focuses its attention on the peculiar factors concerning the cultural and religious approach of al-Ma¿m¿n. The Mu¿tazila were unquestionably capable of working out a theological and dogmatic methodology, but which was al-Ma¿m¿n¿s real intent: the development of an autocratic system, the reunification of the umma¿or both?