ARTÍCULO

Relevance of canopy drip for the accumulation of nitrogen in moss used as biomonitors for atmospheric nitrogen deposition in Europe

Autores: Meyer, M.; Schröder, W.; Nickel, S.; Leblond, S.; Lindroos, A.J.; Mohr, K.; Poikolainen, J.; Santamaría Ulecia, Jesús Miguel; Skudnik, M.; Thöni, L.; Beudert, B.; Dieffenbach-Fries, H.; Schulte-Bisping, H.; Zechmeister, H. G.
Título de la revista: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT
ISSN: 0048-9697
Volumen: 538
Páginas: 600 - 610
Fecha de publicación: 2015
Resumen:
High atmospheric deposition of nitrogen (N) impacts functions and structures of N limited ecosystems. Due to filtering and related canopy drip effects forests are particularly exposed to N deposition. Up to now, this was proved by many studies using technical deposition samplers but there are only some few studies analysing the canopy drip effect on the accumulation of N in moss and related small scale atmospheric deposition patterns. Therefore, we investigated N deposition and related accumulation of N in forests and in (neighbouring) open fields by use of moss sampled across seven European countries. Sampling and chemical analyses were conducted according to the experimental protocol of the European Moss Survey. The ratios between the measured N content in moss sampled inside and outside of forests were computed and used to calculate estimates for non-sampled sites. Potentially influencing environmental factors were integrated in order to detect their relationships to the N content in moss. The overall average N content measured in moss was 20.0 mg g¿ 1 inside and 11.9 mg g¿ 1 outside of forests with highest N values in Germany inside of forests. Explaining more than 70% of the variance, the multivariate analyses confirmed that the sampling site category (site with/without canopy drip) showed the strongest correlation with the N content in moss.