Critical Infrastructures (Cls) play a relevant role in both society and industry since they provide ba sic goods a nd services. Cls are interependent on each other and a failure in one Cl may spread rapidly to other dependent Cls. The resulting cascading effect leads to the amplification of the perturbation, giving rise to high-impact crises. Modelling and simulation methodologies have been suggested as suitable tools to properly analyse and assess the effect and consequences of crisis in Cls. This paper undertakes a systematic literature review to study which modelling methodologies are the most appropriate for analysing Cls, depending both on the Cl sector and the scope of the modelling.