Detalle Publicación

ARTÍCULO
The diagnostic sensitivity of the memorial delirium assessment scale-Spanish version
Autores: Barahona, E. ; Pinhao, R. ; Galindo, V. ; Noguera Tejedor, Antonio Luís (Autor de correspondencia)
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF PAIN AND SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT
ISSN: 0885-3924
Volumen: 55
Número: 3
Páginas: 968 - 972
Fecha de publicación: 2018
Lugar: WOS
Resumen:
Background. Although Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS) is a successful tool for delirium evaluation and monitoring, it is nevertheless important to determine whether cutoff scores vary according to the studied population. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity of the recently validated Spanish version of the MDAS. The secondary objective was to analyze possible diagnostic differences when used in a hospice or general hospital setting. Methodology. A prospective study was conducted with advanced cancer patients in two settings (hospice and general hospital). A diagnosis of delirium was established according to clinical criteria and the Confusion Assessment Method. Sensitivity (S), specificity (Sp), positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were determined according to the receiver operating characteristics curve. The MDAS values for different centers were studied using nonparametric tests (Mann-Whitney). Results. A total of 67 patients were included, 28 of whom had been diagnosed with delirium (15/40 hospice and 13/27 general hospital). The mean MDAS scores were 13.6 and 5.5 for the delirium and nondelirium groups, respectively. A cutoff score of 7 gave the optimal screening diagnosis balance (S 92.6%, Sp 71.8%, positive predictive value 70.1%, and negative predictive value 93.3%). Diagnoses of anxiety and depression were not related with delirium (P <= 0.44). A diagnosis of dementia was related to delirium (P <= 0.052) but did not influence the diagnostic sensitivity of MDAS (P <= 0.26). No differences were found between hospice and general hospital settings as regards the diagnostic sensitivity of MDAS. Conclusion. A screening cutoff of 7 appears to be optimal for MDAS Spanish version. No differences were found between advanced cancer patients cared for in a hospice or general hospital. However, more research is required to define the MDAS cutoff for patients with advanced cancer and dementia. (C) 2017 American Academy of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.