Abscisic acid regulation of root hydraulic conductivity and aquaporin gene expression is crucial to the plant shoot growth enhancement caused by rhizosphere humic acids

Autores: Olaetxea Indaburu, Maite; Mora, V.; Bacaicoa, E.; Garnica Ochoa, María; Fuentes Ramírez, Marta; Casanova, E.; Zamarreño Arregui, Ángel; Iriarte, J. C.; Etayo, D.; Ederra, I.; Gonzalo, R.; Baigorri Ekisoain, Roberto Pedro; García-Mina Freire, José María
Título de la revista: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY
ISSN: 0032-0889
Volumen: 169
Número: 4
Páginas: 2587 - 2596
Fecha de publicación: 2015
The physiological and metabolic mechanisms behind the humic acid-mediated plant growth enhancement are discussed in detail. Experiments using cucumber (Cucumis sativus) plants show that the shoot growth enhancement caused by a structurally well-characterized humic acid with sedimentary origin is functionally associated with significant increases in abscisic acid (ABA) root concentration and root hydraulic conductivity. Complementary experiments involving a blocking agent of cell wall pores and water root transport (polyethylenglycol) show that increases in root hydraulic conductivity are essential in the shoot growth-promoting action of the model humic acid. Further experiments involving an inhibitor of ABA biosynthesis in root and shoot (fluridone) show that the humic acid-mediated enhancement of both root hydraulic conductivity and shoot growth depended on ABA signaling pathways. These experiments also show that a significant increase in the gene expression of the main root plasma membrane aquaporins is associated with the increase of root hydraulic conductivity caused by the model humic acid. Finally, experimental data suggest that all of these actions of model humic acid on root functionality, which are linked to its beneficial action on plant shoot growth, are likely related to the conformational structure of humic acid in solution and its interaction with the cell wall at the root surface.