Brassica napus growth is promoted by Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jol. seaweed extract: microarray analysis and physiological characterization of N, C, and S metabolisms

Autores: Jannin, L.; Arkoun, M.; Etienne, P.; Laîné, P.; Goux, D.; Garnica Ochoa, María; Fuentes Ramírez, Marta; San Francisco, S.; Baigorri Ekisoain, Roberto Pedro; Cruz, F.; Houdusse, F.; García-Mina Freire, José María; Yvin, J. C.; Ourry, A. (Autor de correspondencia)
ISSN: 0721-7595
Volumen: 32
Número: 1
Páginas: 31 - 52
Fecha de publicación: 2013
Despite its high capacity to take up nitrate from soil, winter rapeseed (Brassica napus) is characterized by a low N recovery in seeds. Thus, to maintain yield, rapeseed requires a high fertilization rate. Increasing nutrient use efficiency in rapeseed by addition of a biostimulant could help improve its agroenvironmental balance. The effects of marine brown seaweed Ascophyllum nodosum on plant growth have been well described physiologically. However, to our knowledge, no study has focused on transcriptomic analyses to determine metabolic targets of these extracts. A preliminary screening of different extracts revealed a significant effect of one of them (AZAL5) on rapeseed root (+102 %) and shoot (+23 %) growth. Microarray analysis was then used on AZAL5-treated or nontreated plants to characterize changes in gene expression that were further supported by physiological evidence. Stimulation of nitrogen uptake (+21 and +115 % in shoots and roots, respectively) and assimilation was increased in a similar manner to growth, whereas sulfate content (+63 and +133 % in shoots and roots, respectively) was more strongly stimulated leading to sulfate accumulation. Among the identified genes whose expression was affected by AZAL5, MinE, a plastid division regulator, was the most strongly affected. Its effect was supported by microscopic analysis showing an enhancement of chloroplast number per cell and starch content but without a significant difference in net photosynthetic rate.