ARTÍCULO

Organic Complexed Superphosphates (CSP): physicochemical characterization and agronomical properties

Autores: Erro Garcés, Javier; Urrutia Sagardia, Óscar; Baigorri Ekisoain, Roberto Pedro; Aparicio-Tejo, P.; Irigoyen, I.; Storino, F.; Mandado, M.; Yvin, J. C.; García-Mina Freire, José María
Título de la revista: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
ISSN: 0021-8561
Volumen: 60
Número: 8
Páginas: 2008 - 2017
Fecha de publicación: 2012
Resumen:
A new type of superphosphate (organic complexed superphosphate (CSP)) has been developed by the introduction of organic chelating agents, preferably a humic acid (HA), into the chemical reaction of single superphosphate (SSP) production. This modification yielded a product containing monocalcium phosphate complexed by the chelating organic agent through Ca bridges. Theoretically, the presence of these monocalcium-phosphate-humic complexes (MPHC) inhibits phosphate fixation in soil, thus increasing P fertilizer efficiency. This study investigateed the structural and functional features of CSP fertilizers produced employing diverse HA with different structural features. To this end were used complementary analytical techniques: solid-phase 31P NMR, 13C NMR, laser-confocal microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and molecular modeling. Finally, the agronomical efficiency of four CSP have been compared with that of SSP as P sources for wheat plants grown in both alkaline and acidic soils in greenhouse pot trials under controlled conditions. The results obtained from the diverse analytical studies showed the formation of MPHC in CSP. Plant¿soil studies showed that CSP products were more efficient than SSP in providing available phosphate for wheat plants cultivated in various soils with different physicochemical features. This fact is probably associated with the ability of CSP complexes to inhibit phosphate fixation in soil.