Exercise intensity and incidence of Metabolic Syndrome. The SUN Project

Autores: Hidalgo Santamaría, María; Fernández Montero, Alejandro; Martínez González, Miguel Ángel; Moreno Galarraga, Laura; Sánchez Villegas, María Almudena; Barrio López, Teresa; Bes Rastrollo, Maira
ISSN: 0749-3797
Volumen: 52
Número: 4
Páginas: e95 - e101
Fecha de publicación: 2017
INTRODUCTION: Emerging evidence suggests that vigorous physical activity may be associated with higher cardioprotective benefits than moderate physical activity. This study aimed to assess the long-term relationship between the intensity of leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and the risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MS) in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: The Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) Project comprises Spanish university graduates. Participants (n=10,145) initially free of MS were followed for a minimum of 6 years (2008-2014). Analysis was conducted in 2015. Physical activity was assessed though a validated questionnaire. The intensity of each physical activity was measured in METs. The intensity of LTPA was estimated by the ratio between total METs/week and total hours of LTPA/week, obtaining the mean METs/hour of LTPA. MS was defined according to the harmonizing definition. The association between the intensity of LTPA (METs/hour) and MS was assessed with logistic regression models adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Among 10,145 participants initially free of any MS criteria, 412 new MS cases were observed. Vigorous LTPA was associated with a 37% relatively lower risk (AOR=0.63, 95% CI=0.44, 0.89) compared with light LTPA. For a given total energy expenditure, independent of the time spent on it, participants who performed vigorous LTPA exhibited a higher reduction in the risk of MS than those who performed light to moderate LTPA. CONCLUSIONS: Vigorous LTPA was significantly associated with lower risk of developing MS after a 6-year follow-up period.