ARTÍCULO

Brain delivery of microencapsulated GDNF induces functional and structural recovery in parkinsonian monkeys

Autores: Garbayo Atienza, Elisa; Ansorena Artieda, Eduardo; Lana Vega, Hugo; Carmona Abellán, María del Mar; Marcilla García, Irene; Lanciego Pérez, José Luis; Luquin Piudo, María Rosario Isabel; Blanco Prieto, María José
Título de la revista: BIOMATERIALS
ISSN: 0142-9612
Volumen: 110
Páginas: 11-23
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Resumen:
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) remains the most potent neurotrophic factor for dopamine neurons. Despite its potential as treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD), its clinical application has been hampered by safety and efficacy concerns associated with GDNF's short in vivo half-life and with significant brain delivery obstacles. Drug formulation systems such as microparticles (MPs) may overcome these issues providing protein protection from degradation and sustained drug release over time. We therefore sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GDNF delivered via injectable biodegradable MPs in a clinically relevant model of PD and to investigate the mechanism contributing to their beneficial effects. MPs were injected unilaterally into the putamen of parkinsonian monkeys with severe nigrostriatal degeneration. Notably, a single administration of the microencapsulated neurotrophic factor achieved sustained GDNF levels in the brain, providing motor improvement and dopaminergic function restoration. This was reflected by a bilateral increase in the density of striatal dopaminergic neurons 9 months after treatment. Moreover, GDNF was retrogradely transported to the substantia nigra increasing bilaterally the number of dopaminergic and total neurons, regardless of the severe degeneration. GDNF-MP injection within the putamen elicited no adverse effects such as immunogenicity, cerebellar degeneration or weight loss. MPs are therefore a safe, efficient vehicle for sustained protein delivery to the brain, supporting the therapeutic benefit of GDNF when encapsulated within MPs for brain repair. Overall, these findings constitute important groundwork for GDNF-MP clinical development.