ARTÍCULO

Unsaturated lipid matrices protect plant sterols from degradation during heating treatment

Autores: Barriuso Esteban, Blanca; Astiasarán Anchía, María Icíar; Ansorena Artieda, Diana María
Título de la revista: FOOD CHEMISTRY
ISSN: 0308-8146
Volumen: 196
Páginas: 451 - 458
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Resumen:
The interest in plant sterols enriched foods has recently enhanced due to their healthy properties. The influence of the unsaturation degree of different fatty acids methyl esters (FAME: stearate, oleate, linoletate and linolenate) on a mixture of three plant sterols (PS: campesterol, stigmasterol and ß-sitosterol) was evaluated at 180 °C for up to 180 min. Sterols degraded slower in the presence of unsaturated FAME. Both PS and FAME degradation fit a first order kinetic model (R(2)>0.9). Maximum oxysterols concentrations were achieved at 20 min in neat PS and 120 min in lipid mixtures and this maximum amount decreased with increasing their unsaturation degree. In conclusion, the presence of FAME delayed PS degradation and postponed oxysterols formation. This protective effect was further promoted by increasing the unsaturation degree of FAME. This evidence could help industries to optimize the formulation of sterol-enriched products, so that they could maintain their healthy properties during cooking or processing.