ARTÍCULO

Fat intake in children with autism spectrum disorder in the mediterranean region (Valencia, Spain)

Autores: Marí-Bauset, S.; Llopis-González, A.; Zazpe García, Itzíar; Marí-Sanchís, A.; Morales-Suárez-Varela, M.
Título de la revista: NUTRITIONAL NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN: 1028-415X
Volumen: 19
Número: 9
Páginas: 377 - 386
Fecha de publicación: 2016
Resumen:
OBJECTIVE: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been found to have alterations in dietary fat intake and fat quality. The fat intakes of the foods consumed by children with and without ASD were compared, and the deficiency and excess of these nutrients were examined. METHODS: In a matched case-control study, 3-day food diaries were completed by 105 children with ASD and 495 typically developing (TD) 6- to 9-year-old children in Valencia (Spain). We used the probabilistic approach and estimated average requirement cut-point to evaluate the risk of inadequate nutrients intakes. These were compared between groups and with Spanish recommendations using linear and logistic regression, respectively. RESULTS: Groups did not differ significantly in age, total dietary intake, Healthy Eating Index, or food variety score. Children with ASD had lower saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and ¿-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) intakes, but their total PUFAs and (PUFAs¿+¿monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs)/SFAs, PUFAs/SFAs intakes and ¿-6/¿-3 ratios were higher than TD children. The total fat and cholesterol intakes of both groups were slightly above Spanish recommendations. Both groups had low ¿-6 intakes, very low ¿-3 intakes, and high ¿-6/¿-3 ratios. CONCLUSION: Further research is required to clarify associations between ASD symptomatology, fat-eating patterns and health status. KEYWORDS: Autism; Autism spe