Nuestros investigadores

Olga López de Dicastillo Sáinz de Murieta

Departamento
Enfermería Comunitaria y Materno-Infantil
Facultad de Enfermería. Universidad de Navarra
Líneas de investigación
IdiSNA, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Navarra., Investigación en el Colaborador de investigación de Instituto Cultura y Sociedad-ATLANTES., Promoción de Salud. Facultad de Enfermería. Universidad de Navarra., Grupo de investigación IMPULS (Investigación e Innovación para la Implementación de la Promoción de la Salud)
Índice H
8, (Google Scholar, 23/06/2018)

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Bermejo-Martins, Elena; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Mujika, Agurtzane;
Revista: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
ISSN 0309-2402  Vol. 74  Nº 1  2018  págs. 211 - 222
Aim To implement and evaluate a health education programme based on the development of social and emotional competence in young children. Background Children's social and emotional skills play a key role in the adoption and maintenance of their lifestyles. Currently, a more comprehensive perspective dealing with these aspects is needed to promote healthy habits in children and develop effective health education programmes. Design An exploratory randomized controlled trial. Methods A convenience sample of 30 children (5 and 6 years old) will be recruited from a public school in Spain, with 15 participants in the experimental group and 15 in the control group. Participants in the experimental group will receive the first unit of the programme, consisting of developing emotional knowledge skills around daily health habits (eating, hygiene, sleep and physical exercise) using different game-based dynamics and an emotional diary, while those in the control group will continue with their usual school routine. Outcome measures include emotional knowledge ability, basic social skills and children's health profile. The perceived impact of the intervention by parents, acceptability (by parents and children) and feasibility of the programme will be also assessed. Data will be collected at baseline, postintervention and at 7-month follow-up. Discussion This study offers an innovative intervention aimed at improving children's healthy lifestyles from a holistic perspective by addressi
Autores: Lucchini Raies, C.; Lopez-Dicastillo, O;
Revista: HORIZONTE DE ENFERMERIA
ISSN 0716-8861  Vol. 28  Nº 3  2017  págs. 33 - 49
El propósito de este estudio es aportar una síntesis de los resultados de revisiones sistemáticas (RS) disponibles en torno a la efectividad de intervenciones destinadas a promover la LM, a través de la realización de una revisión de revisiones (RR). Para ello, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica utilizando las palabras clave: ¿breastfeeding¿, ¿promotion¿, ¿intervention¿ y ¿systematic review¿, encontrándose nueve RS que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Los resultados se presentan en relación a nueve dimensiones de análisis, que se aplicaron a cada una de las RS seleccionadas: objetivos, participantes, criterios de inclusión/exclusión, número y tipos de estudios incluidos, tipos de intervenciones realizadas, escenarios donde se desarrollaron las intervenciones, marco conceptual que sustentó la intervención, resultados evaluados e instrumentos de medida y conclusiones de cada una de las RS. Los resultados de esta RR no permiten extraer información concluyente en cuanto a la evidencia del impacto que tienen las intervenciones sobre la promoción, el inicio, la duración y la exclusividad de la LM. Lo anterior, debido a la diversidad de intervenciones realizadas, la multiplicidad de variables intervinientes y por falta de rigurosidad metodológica y sustento teórico de algunas de las RS analizadas.
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Canga, N; Mujika, Agurtzane; et al.
Revista: GACETA SANITARIA
ISSN 0213-9111  Vol. 31  Nº 3  2017  págs. 269 - 272
The World Health Organization states that health promotion is a key strategy to improve health, and it is conceived as a global process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. Health promotion does not focus solely on empowering individuals dealing with their knowledge, attitudes and skills, but it also takes political, social, economic and environmental aspects influencing health and wellbeing into account. The complexity of applying these concepts is reflected in the five paradoxes in health promotion; these arise in between the rhetoric in health promotion and implementation. The detected paradoxes which are described herein involve the patient versus the person, the individual versus the group, disease professionals versus health professionals, disease indicators versus health indicators, and health as an expense versus health as an investment. Making these contradictions explicit can help determine why it is so complex to put the concepts related to health promotion into practice. It can also help to put forward aspects that need further work if health promotion is to put into practice. (C) 2017 SESPAS: Published by Elsevier Espaila, S.L.U.
Autores: Mujika, Agurtzane, (Autor de correspondencia); Arantzamendi, María; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
ISSN 0309-2402  Vol. 73  Nº 11  2017  págs. 2633 - 2641
Aim: To explore the views of current and ex¿smoker nurses on their role in supporting patients to stop smoking. Background: Long-term conditions are closely linked to harmful lifestyle behaviours, including smoking and overeating. Health professionals have an important role to play in promoting healthier lifestyles. It has been described that nurses¿ health behaviours may be a barrier to their health promotion practice. There is a need to gain further understanding on why nurses¿ health promotion activity is influenced by their own health behaviour. Design: A secondary analysis of qualitative data gathered in 2010 in the context of a project that aimed to develop a smoking cessation intervention for nurses. Eleven transcripts of semi-structured interviews conducted with nurses (current and ex¿smokers) working in one university hospital in Spain. Data were analysed using framework analysis. Findings: Nurses who smoked engaged in social justification in terms of social norms and work stress. Only nurses who had quit smoking were able to identify the negative feelings it generated and the effect that it had on their past health promotion practice. This was expressed by ex-smokers as an internal conflict that prevented them from supporting patients with their own habit. Conclusion: nurses who smoke may be inhibited as health promoters without being aware of it. Interventions that focus on helping these professionals deal with the challenges associated with these encounters
Autores: Arantzamendi, María; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Robinson, C.; et al.
Revista: MEDICINA PALIATIVA
ISSN 1134-248X  Vol. 24  Nº 4  2017  págs. 219 - 226
La utilización de la investigación cualitativa (IC) en Cuidados Paliativos (CP) está en auge, quizás porque tienen muchos aspectos en común. Ambos se centran en la persona y su entorno y están especialmente interesados en la experiencia humana. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar algunos de los enfoques más frecuentemente utilizados en las ciencias de la salud, proporcionando ejemplos de estudios de CP. Esto con el fin de ayudar a quienes se están iniciando en la IC a explorar los posibles enfoques que podrían utilizar para realizar investigación en CP. A través del ejercicio ¿armchair walkthrough¿, se concretan los aspectos clave de un proyecto de investigación, considerando los distintos enfoques: la etnografía, la fenomenología, la narrativa y la teoría fundamentada. Familiarizarse con la metodología cualitativa y algunos de los enfoques ayudará a los profesionales de CP a plantear nuevas preguntas y retos con investigación rigurosa. Palabras clave: Investigación cualitativa, etnografía, fenomenología, narrativa, teoría fundamentada.
Autores: Belintxon, Maider; Marín Fernández, B.; et al.
Revista: HORIZONTE DE ENFERMERIA
ISSN 0716-8861  Vol. 28  Nº 3  2017  págs. 5 - 21
La promoción y apoyo a la lactancia materna proporcionado por profesionales de la salud en diferentes entornos es una de las estrategias con evidencia de resultados exitosos. El propósito de este estudio es desarrollar una escala para conocer la autoeficacia percibida por los profesionales de salud acerca de su capacidad para procurar cuidados a las madres que amamantan. Metodología. El diseño de la escala se hizo utilizando la versión española de la escala BreastfeedingSelf-EfficacyScale-Short Form para madres. Las pruebas de validación se realizaron creando un grupo de expertos y pilotando la herramienta con profesionales que cuidaban a madres lactantes de dos centros asistenciales. Las propiedades psicométricas de la escala se examinaron analizando su validez, fiabilidad, sensibilidad y factibilidad.Resultados. La escala ¿Autoeficacia Profesional para los Cuidados en Lactancia¿ (APCLA)contiene 14 ítems conforme al dominio de interés, con opciones de respuesta de 1 a 5. Se elaboró en formato papel y electrónico. Tras la valoración del comité de expertos, se pilotó con 43 enfermeras y matronas. La escala muestra resultados prometedores con respecto asu validez, fiabilidad (Alpha de Cronbach 0,967), sensibilidad (p<0,05) y factibilidad. Conclusión. Aunque será necesario continuar con el proceso de validación en otras poblaciones y con mayor número de participantes, el instrumento ha mostrado buenos resultados para la medición de la autoeficacia profesional. La valoración de l
Autores: Belintxon, Maider; Lopez-Dicastillo, O;
Revista: ANALES DEL SISTEMA SANITARIO DE NAVARRA
ISSN 1137-6627  Vol. 37  Nº 3  2014  págs. 401 - 409
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Belintxon, Maider;
Revista: PROCEDIA: SOCIAL & BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
ISSN 1877-0428  Vol. 132  2014  págs. 522 - 526
Objectives To present the methodological challenges of an ethnographic study designed to gain better understanding of the cultural encounters (CE). Methods Participant observations of the CE in between families with children and nurses will be carried out, in the context of an ethnographic design. Results The challenges to be faced include: accessing to participants and obtaining the informed consents, the role to be adopted during data collection by the researcher, establishing a trusting relationship with the participants, the effect that feeling observed may have on participants¿ behaviors, and identifying the researcher's influence during the research process. Conclusions The observations of the CE present methodological challenges that need to be dealt with during the whole research process to ensure validity and relevance.
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Grande, G.; Callery, P.;
Revista: CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT
ISSN 0305-1862  Vol. 39  Nº 1  2013  págs. 109-117
Background Behaviours regarding food and activity are learned during childhood and continue throughout life. Children can be very important agents in making decisions concerning their own well-being and care and their perspective is essential to understanding how they and/or others make choices for them to achieve a healthy lifestyle. However, their perspectives remain under-researched. This study provides an insight into school children's own perspectives, behaviours and contribution to food and activity choices. Methods The paper reports on the findings from an ethnographic study with 38 Spanish children aged 5-7 years. Information was obtained through participant observations, diaries kept by children and group interviews. Data were analysed using techniques of analytical induction and constant comparison. Results The children who took part in this study described choices about activities with enthusiasm. Children saw activity as a way of learning new things, mastering skills and socializing. They were willing to try and experience new activities and games. However, the activities performed depended on parents' agendas and security issues. In contrast, children reported less interest in and active involvement in food choices. They contributed to family food choices indirectly through the expression of their preferences, not wanting to eat what they disliked or tasting new foods. Conclusion Children had strong preferences and motivations, particularly about activities which could be harnessed in interventions to prevent obesity and promote healthy diet and activity. Parental involvement and commitment is also important both to encourage exercise according to children's interests and active informed food choices, including introduction to unfamiliar foods.
Autores: Belintxon, Maider; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Lozano, Cristina; et al.
Revista: ATENCION PRIMARIA
ISSN 0212-6567  Vol. 45  Nº Supl. 2  2013  págs. 103 - 104
Autores: Bermejo-Martins, Elena; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Mujika, Agurtzane;
Revista: ATENCION PRIMARIA
ISSN 0212-6567  Vol. 45  Nº Suppl 2   2013  págs. 154
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Grande, G.; Callery, P.;
Revista: ATENCION PRIMARIA
ISSN 0212-6567  Vol. 45(Esp.Congreso)  2013  págs. 151
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Pumar Méndez, MJ; et al.
Revista: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
ISSN 1101-1262  Vol. 22 (suppl 2)  2012  págs. 291
Autores: Belintxon, Maider; Adrián, María Carmen; et al.
Revista: ANALES DEL SISTEMA SANITARIO DE NAVARRA
ISSN 1137-6627  Vol. 34  Nº 3  2011  págs. 409 - 418
Fundamento. La lactancia materna es importante para promover el desarrollo saludable del recién nacido. A pesar de sus beneficios, el abandono es masivo durante el primer trimestre de vida. El objetivo de esta investigación fue explorar cómo las madres primerizas percibían y experimentaban la lactancia materna para poder identificar así los aspectos que influyen en su instauración. Material y métodos. Se llevó a cabo un estudio cualitativo con un enfoque fenomenológico descriptivo, en el que participaron 12 madres primíparas que fueron entrevistadas en profundidad en dos ocasiones, una los primeros días tras el parto y otra al mes de haber dado a luz. Los datos obtenidos se grabaron y transcribieron para analizarlos con el método de Giorgi. Resultados. El significado esencial de la experiencia vivida por las madres que participaron en este estudio se puede resumir en los cinco temas que se detallan a continuación: la idealización de la lactancia; la incertidumbre ante las dificultades; el deseo de privacidad durante las tomas; la responsabilidad compartida con el niño para lograr el éxito; y finalmente, la desorganización en sus vidas y la modificación del rol de la mujer. Conclusiones. Conocer las experiencias de las madres primíparas en la etapa de instauración de la lactancia, permitirá a los profesionales diseñar intervenciones específicas adaptadas a ellas. Los profesionales deberían tener en cuenta las expectativas de cada madre y cómo hace frente al nuevo rol[...]
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Grande, G.; Callery, P.;
Revista: Patient Education and Counseling
ISSN 0738-3991  Vol. 78  Nº 1  2010  págs. 117 - 123
OBJECTIVE: To investigate parents' perceptions of, and contributions to, food and activity choices and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle in children. METHODS: Ethnographically informed qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews with 47 parents (32 mothers and 15 fathers) of 5-7-year-old children. RESULTS: Parents were concerned about children's low intake of food, the development of eating disorders and children being 'too active'. Therefore, they promoted eating and were controlling of diet because they thought that children would not eat enough for healthy development. They did not promote, or even curbed, physical activity because they considered their children were already active. Their accounts suggested lack of awareness of the dangers of over-consumption and inactivity. CONCLUSIONS: Parents' perceptions affected the way they raised their children and the choices that they made for them. Parents' concerns about under-consumption of food and over-activity contrast with the public health priorities to reduce intake and promote exercise. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Health professionals need to take into account parents' perspectives on diet and physical activity when attempting to promote children's health and prevent obesity.
Autores: Garcia-Vivar, C; Arantzamendi, María; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
Revista: Index de Enfermería
ISSN 1132-1296  Vol. 19  Nº 4  2010  págs. 283 - 288
Autores: Garcia-Vivar, C; Canga-Armayor, A.; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
Libro:  Libro de Actas IX Jornadas de Profesorado de Centros Universitarios de Enfermería ¿La Investigación en Enfermería¿. Conferencia nacional de decanos y decanas de enfermería
2016  págs. 42 - 50
Introduction. The new university demands require redefining the management model of nursing research in order to consolidate its quality and socio-health impact. Aim. To present the strategies used in the implementation of a management model for the development of nursing research at the University of Navarra (UN). Methodology. The four phases of Marchette (the simulation, the individualistic, the unified and the balanced phases) are the framework to present the management model implemented by the UN to foster research in Nursing. Results. The following strategies are described: organizing conferences and meetings on research; research investment in teacher training; approval of the research areas as organizational structures for the development of nursing knowledge; creation of the Chair Maria Egea for research; implementation of the Research Strategic Plan 2013-2018; approval of the Doctoral Program in Nursing Science. Conclusions. There is a need to adopt and adapt new management structures that encourage disciplinary knowledge, the development of competitive research teams, interdisciplinary research, teamwork, and training of new researchers. Also, these structures must respond to new health and social demands, and promote clinical nursing practice of excellence.
Autores: Pumar Méndez, MJ; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Serrano, Inmaculada; et al.
Libro:  Libro de ponencias del XVI Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Enfermería
2012  págs. 388 - 389
Autores:  et al.
Libro:  Libro de ponencias del congreso: XVI Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Cuidados
2012  págs. 540
Autores: Garcia-Vivar, C; Serrano, Inmaculada; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
Libro:  Libro de ponencias del XV Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Enfermería
2011  págs. 146 - 148
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Corchón, Silvia; Arantzamendi, María;
Libro:  Libro de ponencias del XV Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Enfermería
2011  págs. 183 - 184
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O; Pumar Méndez, MJ; et al.
Libro:  Actas de la conferencia iberoamericana de investigación cualitativa
Vol. 2  2011  págs. 32 - 35
Autores: Lopez-Dicastillo, O;
Libro:  Jornadas sobre Rol Avanzado en Enfermería. Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Navarra.
2010  págs. 45-58
Autores: Belintxon, Maider; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
Libro:  Libro de ponencias del XIV Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Enfermería
2010  págs. 201 - 203
Autores: Serrano, Inmaculada; Senosiáin, Juana María; Lopez-Dicastillo, O; et al.
2011 

ACTIVIDAD DOCENTE

   

Trabajo fin de master (M.P.Avanzada). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Metodología de investigación cualitativa (Máster). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Introducción a la colaboración docente (Enfermeria). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Final Degree Project. 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Atención de enfermería en la infancia y adolescencia (Enfermeria). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Rol Avanzado en Enfermería: Problemas prioritarios de salud (M.P.Avanzada). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

Child Nursing Care (INP, F. Enfermeria). 
Universidad de Navarra - Facultad de Enfermería.

   
   

  OTROS MÉRITOS RELEVANTES

I am a professor of Children Nursing and Research Methodologies at the University of Navarra (Spain). I am currently the Director of the Department of Community Nursing and Maternal and Child Care in the Faculty of Nursing. My role includes research, management duties and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate courses. I am specialised as a children's nurse and have worked several years caring for children and their families in hospitals and primary care services. This experience was crucial to give me a deep insight into the complex relation between the needs of children and families and what the Health System actually provides for them. I completed a Master Degree doing research on family-centred care for children in the University of Durham (UK) in 2001. Health promotion became a main direction in my carrier orientation after realising that many aspects of children's health could be better dealt with from a health promotion perspective rather than focusing only on prevention or working with the problems after they are already settled. Lifestyle research, how people make choices and the overall context (e.g. state policies, health care, culture and families) in which health choices are hampered or promoted became an important part of my research interests. I obtained my PhD at the University of Manchester (UK) in 2007, carrying out an ethnographic study on diet and physical activity of children. I am since then involved in projects researching on behavioural science and health promotion for children and families.