Nuestros investigadores

Laura Arribillaga Arangoa

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores:  et al.
ISSN 2314-6133  2013  págs. 864720
The development of tools for efficient targeting of antigens to antigen presenting cells is of great importance for vaccine development. We have previously shown that fusion proteins containing antigens fused to the extra domain A from fibronectin (EDA), an endogenous TLR4 ligand, which targets antigens to TLR4-expressing dendritic cells (DC), are highly immunogenic. To facilitate the procedure of joining EDA to any antigen of choice, we have prepared the fusion protein EDAvidin by linking EDA to the N terminus of streptavidin, allowing its conjugation with biotinylated antigens. We found that EDAvidin, as streptavidin, forms tetramers and binds biotin or biotinylated proteins with a Kd ~ 2.6 × 10(-14) mol/L. EDAvidin favours the uptake of biotinylated green fluorescent protein by DC. Moreover, EDAvidin retains the proinflammatory properties of EDA, inducing NF- ¿ß by TLR4-expressing cells, as well as the production of TNF- ¿ by the human monocyte cell line THP1 and IL-12 by DC. More importantly, immunization of mice with EDAvidin conjugated with the biotinylated nonstructural NS3 protein from hepatitis C virus induces a strong anti-NS3 T cell immune response. These results open a new way to use the EDA-based delivery tool to target any antigen of choice to DC for vaccination against infectious diseases and cancer.
Autores: Román, BS; Garrido, V; Muñoz, PM; et al.
Revista: Veterinary Research (Print)
ISSN 0928-4249  Vol. 43  Nº 1  2012 
The Extradomain A from fibronectin (EDA) has an immunomodulatory role as fusion protein with viral and tumor antigens, but its effect when administered with bacteria has not been assessed. Here, we investigated the adjuvant effect of EDA in mice immunizations against Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Enteritidis). Since lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major virulence factor and the LPS O-polysaccharide (O-PS) is the immunodominant antigen in serological diagnostic tests, Salmonella mutants lacking O-PS (rough mutants) represent an interesting approach for developing new vaccines and diagnostic tests to differentiate infected and vaccinated animals (DIVA tests). Here, antigenic preparations (hot-saline extracts and formalin-inactivated bacterins) from two Salmonella Enteritidis rough mutants, carrying either intact (SE Delta waaL) or deep-defective (SE Delta gal) LPS-Core, were used in combination with EDA. Biotinylated bacterins, in particular SE Delta waaL bacterin, decorated with EDAvidin (EDA and streptavidin fusion protein) improved the protection conferred by hot-saline or bacterins alone and prevented significantly the virulent infection at least to the levels of live attenuated rough mutants. These findings demonstrate the adjuvant effect of EDAvidin when administered with biotinylated bacterins from Salmonella Enteritidis lacking O-PS and the usefulness of BEDA-SE Delta waaL as non-live vaccine in the mouse model.
Autores: Rudilla, F; Fayolle, C; Casares, N; et al.
Revista: VACCINE
ISSN 0264-410X  Vol. 30  Nº 18  2012  págs. 2848 - 2858
The complement system and Toll-like receptors (TLR) are key innate defense systems which might interact synergistically on dendritic cells (DC) to reinforce adaptive immunity. In a previous work, we found that the extra domain A from fibronectin EDA (an endogenous ligand for TLR4) can favour antigen delivery to DC and induce their maturation. Given the potential of anaphylatoxins to cause inflammation and activation of myeloid cells, we hypothesized that a fusion protein between EDA, and anaphylatoxins C3a, C4a or C5a together with an antigen might improve the immunogenicity of the antigen. Naked DNA immunization with a construct expressing the fusion protein between C5a, EDA and the cytotoxic T cell epitope SIINFEKL from ovalbumin, induced strong antigen specific T cell responses. The purified recombinant fusion protein EDA¿SIINFEKL¿C5a induced activation of dendritic cells, the production of proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines and stimulated antigen presenting cell migration and NK cell activation. As compared to EDA¿SIINFEKL, the fusion protein EDA¿SIINFEKL¿C5a did not induce the production of the immunosuppressive molecules IL-10, CCL17, CCL1, CXCL12 or XCL1 by DC. Moreover, EDA¿SIINFEKL¿C5a induced strong specific T cell responses in vivo and protected mice against E.G7-OVA tumor growth more efficiently than EDA¿SIINFEKL or SIINFEKL¿C5a recombinant proteins. Our results suggest that fusion proteins containing EDA, the anaphylatoxin C5a and the antigen may serve as a suitable strategy for the development of anti-tumor or anti-viral vaccines.
Autores: Berraondo, Pedro; et al.
ISSN 0020-7136  Vol. 131  Nº 3  2012  págs. 641 - 651
Cervical carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide. It is well established that chronic infection of the genital tract by various mucosatropic human papillomavirus (HPV) types causes cervical cancer. Cellular immunity to E7 protein from HPV (HPVE7) has been associated with clinical and cytologic resolution of HPV-induced lesions. Thus, we decided to test if targeting of HPVE7 to dendritic cells using a fusion protein containing the extra domain A (EDA) from fibronectin, a natural ligand for TLR4, and HPVE7 (EDA-HPVE7) might be an efficient vaccine for the treatment of cervical carcinoma. We found that EDA-HPVE7 fusion protein was efficiently captured by bone marrow derived dendritic cells in vitro and induced their maturation, with the upregulation of maturation markers and the production of IL-12. Immunization of mice with EDA-HPVE7 fusion protein induced antitumor CD8+ T cell responses in the absence of additional adjuvants. Repeated intratumoral administration of EDA-HPVE7 in saline was able to cure established TC-1 tumors of 57 mm in diameter. More importantly, intravenous injection with EDA-HPVE7 in combination with the TLR ligand polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (pIC), or with low doses of cyclophosphamide and the TLR9 ligand CpG-B complexed in cationic lipids, were able to eradicate large established TC-1 tumors (1.2 cm in diameter). Thus, therapeutic vaccination with EDA-HPVE7 fusion protein may be effective in the treatment of human cervical carcinoma.
Autores: Riezu-Boj, José Ignacio; et al.
ISSN 1043-4666  Vol. 53  Nº 3  2011  págs. 327 - 333
Autores: Casares, N; et al.
ISSN 0022-1767  Vol. 185  Nº 9  2010  págs. 5150 - 5159
Immunosuppressive activity of regulatory T cells (Treg) may contribute to the progression of cancer or infectious diseases by preventing the induction of specific immune responses. Using a phage-displayed random peptide library, we identified a 15-mer synthetic peptide, P60, able to bind to forkhead/winged helix transcription factor 3 (FOXP3), a factor required for development and function of Treg. P60 enters the cells, inhibits FOXP3 nuclear translocation, and reduces its ability to suppress the transcription factors NF-¿B and NFAT. In vitro, P60 inhibited murine and human-derived Treg and improved effector T cell stimulation. P60 administration to newborn mice induced a lymphoproliferative autoimmune syndrome resembling the reported pathology in scurfy mice lacking functional Foxp3. However, P60 did not cause toxic effects in adult mice and, when given to BALB/c mice immunized with the cytotoxic T cell epitope AH1 from CT26 tumor cells, it induced protection against tumor implantation. Similarly, P60 improved the antiviral efficacy of a recombinant adenovirus expressing NS3 protein from hepatitis C virus. Functional inhibition of Treg by the FOXP3-inhibitory peptide P60 constitutes a strategy to enhance antitumor and antiviral immunotherapies.