Nuestros investigadores

Beatriz Gil Rodríguez

Líneas de investigación
Uniones semi-rígidas de acero y mixtas, Uniones mecánicas de madera, Diseño estructural, Experimentación
Índice H
6, (WoS, 25/06/2019)
8, (Google Scholar, 25/06/2019)
6, (Scopus, 25/06/2019)

Publicaciones científicas más recientes (desde 2010)

Autores: Gil, Beatriz, (Autor de correspondencia); Goñi, Rufino; Bijlaard, F.; et al.
Revista: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
ISSN 0141-0296  Vol. 180  2019  págs. 586 - 602
Torsional effects in joints need to be investigated in order to get a complete model of the joint and also to assess the real boundary conditions for the lateral torsional effects in the beams of structural frames. Phenomena such as: torsion, warping, lateral buckling, etc. are usually analysed assuming simplified boundary conditions, namely pinned or rigid, in frame analysis which can lead to erroneous and non-conservative results. With the aim of knowing the correct boundary conditions and real behaviour of the joints under torsion, an experimental program is carried out consisting of two tests of mayor axis doubled extended bolted end plate joints subjected to torsion about the axis along the length of the beam. These experimental results have allowed the validation of the finite element models carried out using the program Abaqus. Once the models are validated models, a parametric study is performed to assess the stiffness and resistance. This study also verifies that these joints behave in a semi-rigid way when compared with the torsional characteristics of the attached beam. Besides, the beam fails prior to the connection in most cases, and therefore, the joints can be assumed to behave as full-strength. Analytical expressions are proposed and checked with the FEM results proving that the proposed analytical formulae and the proposed mechanical model can predict the stiffness quite accurately, with an average error of 8.5%. Despite these joints can be classified as full-strength under torsion, an assessment of their resistance is done as well.
Autores: Gil, Beatriz, (Autor de correspondencia); Goñi, Rufino; Bayo, Eduardo;
Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTIONAL STEEL RESEARCH
ISSN 0143-974X  Vol. 140  2018  págs. 208 - 221
Autores: Echeverria, Juan Bautista; Fernandez-Vigil, M. , (Autor de correspondencia); Gil, Beatriz;
Revista: INFORMES DE LA CONSTRUCCION
ISSN 0020-0883  Vol. 70  Nº 550  2018  págs. e258 - e258
Dimensioning the stairs in case of fire is amongst the most important features in today architecture design. A bigger complexity of the buildings (mixed uses, crowded spaces, occupants with disabilities, tall structures, etc.) is added to new social habits, and the activities traditionally placed on the lowest parts of the buildings tend to occupy the upper floors. This article shows that the prescriptive calculations for the dimensioning of protected stairs are unable to face this challenge because they are based on simplified models, only valid for conventional buildings and distributions. It analizes the Spanish Technical Building Code, showing its weakness, and introduces the necessary performance-based design concepts to understand the problem. It concludes that any complex design must be addressed studying the real movement o f the occupants, that can be modelled with the use of computational tools.
Autores: Gil, Beatriz; Goñi, Rufino;
Revista: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
ISSN 0141-0296  Vol. 98  2015  págs. 230 - 240
Beam to column connections subjected to loads in the beam minor axis direction are usually considered either as pinned or rigid for both resistance and stiffness checks. However, modern codes contemplate the possibility of semi-rigid and partial strength connections. The Eurocode 3 provides criteria, based on the component method, to characterise such connections. There are unresolved issues regarding three-dimensional connections and connections subjected to out-of-plane effects that need further research. Their behaviour relies mainly on the characterisation of the components acting on the T-stub under out-of-plane bending, and this characterisation is the aim of this paper. An experimental program consisting of five T-stub tests has been carried out and finite element models have been developed. The finite element models have been validated with the experimental results and prove to be an accurate tool for the characterisation of 3D connections. The connection characteristics have been obtained by means of tests and finite element models, and after comparison with the limits provided by the Eurocode 3, it is concluded that all connections under study are indeed semi-rigid and partial strength.
Autores: Gil, Beatriz; Bijlaard, F.S.K.; Bayo, Eduardo;
Revista: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
ISSN 0141-0296  Vol. 98  2015  págs. 241 - 250
Beam to column connections subjected to loads in the beam minor axis direction are usually considered either as pinned or rigid for both resistance and stiffness checks. This simplification is also assumed at the time of considering the stability of the column and the lateral buckling of the beams. However, as proven in the companion paper by means of laboratory tests and numerical simulations, these types of connections are actually semi-rigid and partial strength. The consideration of their real semi-rigid behavior can lead to a more accurate global analysis and, consequently, more optimized structures. Their behavior relies mainly on the characterization of the components acting on the T-stub under out-of-plane bending. In this paper a parametric analysis is performed to define the components involved. Analytical expressions are specified to describe each one of the components and the assembly process following a proposed mechanical model. The stiffness and strength that are obtained compare very satisfactorily with the experimental results of the T-stubs described in the companion paper.
Autores: Gil, Beatriz; Goñi, Rufino; Bayo, Eduardo;
Revista: ENGINEERING STRUCTURES
ISSN 0141-0296  Vol. 48  2013  págs. 55 - 69
Semi-rigid composite joints not only have the advantage of optimizing the use of the material, but also of providing lateral stiffness for sway frames. By means of semi-rigid joints, the lateral stability of the structure may rely on the stiffness and ductility of the joints, thus avoiding bracing systems. These advantages may even increase when the joints are designed as semi-rigid in both axes. In this case, the joint behaves in a three-dimensional way that includes an interaction between the major and the minor axis of the column. In this paper, a new design for three-dimensional semi-rigid composite joint is proposed and tested in order to improve the behaviour and obtain the benefits of semi-rigidity when both the major and minor axis are included. Thus, the proposed design involves beams that are attached in a semi-rigid manner to both, the major and minor axes of the column. The experimental program consists in one 3D semi-rigid composite internal joint under proportional loads, another internal joint subjected to non-proportional loads and one facade joint. These tests provide information as to whether the joints satisfy the requirements of the Eurocodes 3 and 4 (EC3 and EC4) in terms of ductility, stiffness and resistance. Also the possible interactions between the major and minor axes of the proposed joint that are caused by the loads and/or the geometry are studied. Simultaneously, finite element modelling and analysis have been carried out and calibrated agains
Autores: Bayo, Eduardo; Gracia, Javier; Gil, Beatriz; et al.
Revista: JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTIONAL STEEL RESEARCH
ISSN 0143-974X  Vol. 72  2012  págs. 97 - 104
This paper deals with a component-based approach to model internal and external semirigid composite connections for the global analysis of frames. The method is based on a cruciform finite sized elastic-plastic joint element that takes into consideration its deformation characteristics including those of the panel zone as well as the left and right connections. In addition, all the internal forces that concur at the joint coming from the beams and columns and their respective eccentricities are also considered.
Autores: M. Fernández-Vigil; Echeverria, Juan Bautista; Gil, Beatriz;
Libro:  Abitazioni Sicure e Inclusive per Anziani
2018  págs. 337 - 346
Autores: Bayo, Eduardo; Loureiro, A.; Lopez, M.; et al.
Libro:  Proceedings of Connections VII: 7th International Workshop on Connections in Steel Structures. Timisoara, Rumania.
Vol. 1  2012  págs. 63 - 76
Autores: Bayo, Eduardo; Gracia, Javier; Gil, Beatriz; et al.
Libro:  Eurosteel 2011- Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures
Vol. 1  2011  págs. 405 - 410
Autores: Gil, Beatriz; Goñi, Rufino; Bayo, Eduardo;
Libro:  Proceedings of the tenth international conference on computational structurestechnology
2010  págs. 229
Autores: Gil, Beatriz; Goñi, Rufino; Bayo, Eduardo;
Libro:  Proceedings of SDSS'Río 2010 international colloquium of stability and ductility steel structures
2010  págs. 215 - 222
Autores: Goñi, Rufino; Gil, Beatriz; Bayo, Eduardo;
Libro:  Steel Structures: Culture & Sustainability 2010
2010  págs. 341 - 350